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ch. 4 notes - Ch 4 18:43 Organic chemistry study of carbon...

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Ch. 4 18:43 Organic chemistry – study of carbon compounds Vitalism – the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical and chemical laws Jons Jakob Berzelius – organic v. inorganic compounds View that physical and chemical laws govern all natural phenomena, including the presence of life Origin of life Stanley Miller – complex organic molecules could arise spontaneously under conditions thought to have existed on the early Earth Carbon atoms – form diverse molecules by bonding to 4 other atoms 6 electrons (2 in first electron shell and 4 in second shell) CO 2 O=C=O Urea CO(NH 2 ) 2 Hydrocarbons – organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen (major components of petroleum) Can undergo reactions that release a lot of energy Isomers – compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same elements but different structures different properties Structural isomers – differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms, may also differ in the
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