lecture 3

lecture 3 - Naturalism, Spirituality, and Identity: Art in...

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Unformatted text preview: Naturalism, Spirituality, and Identity: Art in the Renaissance North 21:50 Piero della Francesca Federico da Montelfeltro and Battista Sforza 1474 Tempera on panel Portraits of the rulers of the city-state if Urbino in central Italy Through portraiture is often related to idea of naturalism rising in art, portraits are always constructed, not simply transparent windows onto what a person looked like at that time Artists make choices, often based on the demands of patrons What is the artist and the patron trying to say about the sitter? Values considered positive at that time They dont pay for portraits to look bad Double portrait of Duke and Duchess Didnt inherit the title of Duke, but started as a mercenary general (professional soldiers who fought for whatever city paid for them) = condontierri Managed to buy the title of duke Purpose: show off that the they were ideal rulers at this time Standards of beauty, seeming powerful, seeming confident Battista Sforza Symbols of beauty in that time! O.o Pale, sickly Looked like ivory Being out of the sun, out of the public eye Hairline that would not be considered flattering to us today Decoration for her husband more emphasis on idealized beauty in her portrait than in her husbands Showed interior virtues of a woman by representing her as beautiful Looks virtuous and good Women used to pluck their hairline to the top of their head sign of beauty and grooming Federico da Montelfeltro Has to be recognizable, the duke who is seen in public, the ruler of this territory Looks normal, darker skin He had only one eye o.o Nose was completely shattered General, great warrior, a fighter Took part in a joust, and a young princess had given him a flower to put in his visor, but that way the visor didnt close all the way, and a lance took out his eye and nose Broken nose = what a mercenary general is supposed to be, shows that he goes out in jousts Trying to get across an ideal, not reality Portrait: Relationship between naturalism and idealism about their personality, ability to rule a city-state, or about their virtuousness, their beauty Manipulate some part of natural appearance Battistas pale skin, high hairline, Federicos broken nose that he earned through showing off what a good mercenary general he was Include other kinds of information Had images painted on the backs or on covers of panels Portraits = portable objects, handled, passed round (not to hang on a wall) Federicos panel backside: triumphal cart/procession when an emperor/general re- entered Rome and was paraded around on a cart; Federico was presented in his role as...
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2012 for the course AHIS 121g taught by Professor Baker during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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lecture 3 - Naturalism, Spirituality, and Identity: Art in...

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