lecture 9 Romanticism and the Sublime

lecture 9 Romanticism and the Sublime - Romanticism and the...

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Romanticism and the Sublime 20:33 Situation of art Disillusionment, skepticism with the ideas of the Revolution (Enlightenment ideas) Napoleon attacked places like Spain, Middle East Not isolated events, affect other world powers which are vying with France for  dominance Period of intense conflict in Europe and Americas People’s engagement in these wars   skepticism that everything will get better,  everyone will be equal, natural rights Fantasy   problems Changes that take place because of the institutions of art, interactions between  academies and public exhibitions, and reviews of those exhibitions Neo-classical painting rises to become the gold standard for what institutional painting is  within academies and salon Intersections between political disenfranchisement and stagnation of art   backlashes  against neo-classical paintings Francisco de Goya Saturn devouring one of his children 1819 – 1823 oil on canvas Goya worked according to that old established system of patronage  Spain was a nation that was somewhat detached from some of the changes we’ve seen  Continued to be a strong monarchy Did not have a kind of institutional salon/artistic structure Worked for major patrons within Spain, associated with the royal court These paintings not made by patronage, but out of his own volition, in order to satisfy  his own artistic, political, moral needs
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Romanticism ideas Natural rights of the individual   tremendous influence on artistic production  ironically inspires in Goya a deep skepticism and distrust of Enlightenment ideas Intellect, understanding of natural laws We can think our way to a better tomorrow, we can agree together through  demonstrating the rationality of action that the right action has been taken He insists on the failure of reason Why? In part, because he had witnessed that failure firsthand Spain had been unwittingly pulled into the wars created by the rise of Napoleon Goya had lived through a vicious Spanish civil war that took place because Napoleon  invaded and installed a puppet government in Spain, uprooting the king Insurgency reinstalled a monarchy Results: process was horrific, and disappointing for Goya Violent insurgency that produced widespread misery within Spain, and then at the end,  just reinstalled a monarchy that had been there before the whole fiasco began It seemed a senseless campaign of violence, distrust of the idea that people are  inherently rational Skepticism toward Enlightenment   produced the most arresting, immediate works in  the 19 th  century Made this painting in extraordinary circumstances
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