EDEE275-Lecture-Week 7-2012

EDEE275-Lecture-Week 7-2012 - Anila Asghar EDEE-275...

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Anila Asghar EDEE-275 February 29, 2012 McGill University
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Agenda Learning Theories and Application to Science Education Behaviorism Constructivism Examples of Inquiry Activities
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Behaviorist View of Learning A child’s behavior ultimately determines what she does or learns Mainly focuses on objectively observable behaviors Learning is viewed as an attainment of new behavior and skills in response to the environmental conditions (Abruscato & DeRosa, 2010)
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Classical Conditioning: Pavlov’s Experiment http://www.eruptingmind.com/pavlov-classical-conditioning-theory/
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Behaviorist Model: Implications for Teaching & Learning Relationship between natural response and environmental stimulus Examples : fear of tests and failure, fear of public speaking, learning anxieties, response to punishment Other ideas/examples from the science classroom? (Abrsuscato, 2004)
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Behaviorist Model: Implications for Teaching & Learning Feedback System: Rewards and punishments reinforce a response to a stimulus Examples: Skinner used reinforcement techniques to teach pigeons to dance! Dropped food pellets randomly and the pigeons did more of what the they were doing before the food arrived – ultimately they were dancing around waiting for the food! Examples from the classroom?
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Behaviorist Model: Implications for Science Classroom Reinforce Positive Behavior Reward system: Praise students when they accomplish the desired learning goals; complete their work/projects Appreciating students’ collaboration, following classroom norms, rules, expectations, etc. Reinforce Effort Encourage active classroom participation Recognize and provide scaffolds for reinforcing improvements in behavior (e.g., field trips) Further Reinforcing an Established Behavior @ Regular Intervals Inviting guest speakers/ scientists and arranging outdoor experiences involving challenging units; projects Other ideas! (Abruscato & DeRosa, 2010; Cheney, 1991; Farris, Kent and Henderson;1970)
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Cognitive View of Learning Learning depends on cognitive/mental processes Learning involves children’s/adults’ thoughts, ideas, and perceptions about the world around them Learners act on the physical/social world to construct meaning
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2012 for the course EDEE 275 taught by Professor Asghar during the Winter '12 term at McGill.

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EDEE275-Lecture-Week 7-2012 - Anila Asghar EDEE-275...

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