ObjectivesAnswered

ObjectivesAnswered - Objectives Chapter 1 These are...

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These are designed to help you synthesize the information in the notes and in the book, and to help prepare you for the exam. If something was not covered in class, look for the answer in the book. 1. What makes Psychology unique, according to your textbook? a. To appreciate the uniqueness and unity of psychology, you bust consider the way psychologists define the field and the goals the bring to their research and applications. History of Psychology 2. Who founded the first Psychology laboratory and when was it? a. Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 What else was he known for? Founding psychology as a discipline and training many early psychologists. 3. Identify the following, and the one or two main names (if applicable): Structuralists, Functionalists, Gestalt Psychology, Behaviorism Psychoanalysis, Humanistic Psychology, Cognitive Psychology Structuralists - examine the structure of the mind and the organization of basic elements of sensations, feelings and images (Titchener)-carefully observing one’s own conscious psychological reactions Functionalists - believe mental associations allow us to benefit from previous experience. (William James John Dewey) Gestalt Psychology - objects are well organized structures, whole objects instead of separate isolated parts (Max Wertheimer) Behaviorism -emphasizes the study of only observable behavior (Watson and Skinner) Psychoanalysis -how thoughts and feelings affect behavior (Freud) Humanistic Psychology -assumes that people have positive values, free will, and deep inner creativity (reaction against the pessimism of Freud)(Rogers and Maslow) Cognitive Psychology - study of mental processes which attempts to characterize how information is stored and operated on internally. (emerged from cognitive revolution) What are some of the main differences between these approaches? 4. Your book also discusses some additional perspectives of Psychology. How does an evolutionary perspective differ from a biological perspective? Evolutionary - Considers what conditions would have made aggression adaptive behavior for early humans, identifies psychological mechanisms capable of selectively generating aggressive behavior under those conditions Biological - studies the role of specific brain systems in aggression by stimulating different regions and then recording any destructive actions that are elicited 5. We discussed some careers in Psychology. What are some differences between a clinical and a counseling psychologist? Clinical psychologists have traditionally studied disturbances in mental health, while counseling psychologists'  earliest role was to provide vocational guidance and advice, now they do pretty much the same things. A psychiatrist and a psychologist?
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ObjectivesAnswered - Objectives Chapter 1 These are...

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