exam3objectives

exam3objectives - Objectives Chapter 12 1. How does your...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Objectives Chapter 12 1. How does your textbook define emotion? a. A complex pattern of bodily and mental changes that includes physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive processes, visible expressions (including face and posture), and specific behavioral reactions made in response to a situations perceived as personally significant. 2. Can people from different cultures recognize the same emotions in each other? a. Ekman and his associates have demonstrated that a set of emotional expressions is universal to the human species, presumably because they are innate components of our evolutionary heritage. b. Evidence supports that 7 expressions are recognized and produced worldwide in response to the emotions of happiness, surprise, anger, disgust, fear, sadness and contempt. 3. Describe the James-Lange theory of emotion. a. Emotion stems from bodily feedback. b. Perceiving a stimulus causes autonomic arousal and other bodily actions that lead to the experience of a specific emotion. c. Ex: We feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble. 4. Is this the dominant theory today? i. No, People who are paralyzed (severe spinal cord injuries) and have limited body sensation can still feel emotions. 5. Compare the Cannon-Bard theory to the cognitive appraisal theory. a. Cannon-Bard- events are first processed at various centers in the brain, which then direct the simultaneous reactions of arousal, behavioral action, and emotional experience. i. Emotions and arousal may occur together, but one doesn’t cause the other. ii. Cannon-Bard would say “The bear makes me afraid and my heart pound b. Cognitive appraisal- both stimulus events and physiological arousal are cognitively appraised at the same time according to situational cues and context factors, with the emotional experience resulting from the interaction of the level of arousal and the nature of appraisal. i. includes an interpretation as a function of the context. “ My pounding heart means I’m afraid because I interpret the situation as dangerous.” 6. Which view makes the most sense to you? a. The cognitive appraisal view makes more sense because sometimes when my hands are sweaty, I realize I must be nervous, or if I begin to breathe rapidly, I realize I must be scared. 7. What is stress? a. The pattern of responses an organism makes to stimulus events that disturb its equilibrium and tax or exceed its ability to cope. 8. Are there different kinds of stress?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
a. Acute stress- transient states of arousal with typically clear onset and offset patterns i. Chronic stress- state of enduring arousal, continuing over time in which demands are perceived as greater than the inner and outer resources available fore dealing with them. 9.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

exam3objectives - Objectives Chapter 12 1. How does your...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online