�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-1 Comparative methods and Approaches

�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-1 Comparative methods and Approaches

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UNIT 1 NATURE, SCOPE AND UTILITY OF COMPARATIVE STUDY OF POLITICS Structure Objectives Introduction Comparative Study of Politics: Nature and Scope 1.2.1 Comparisons: Identification of Relationships 1.2.2 Comparative Politics and Comparative Government Comparative Politics: A Historical Overview 1.3.1 The Origins of Comparative Study of Politics 1.3 2 The Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries 1.3.3 The Second World War and After 1.3.4 The 1970s and Challenges to Developmentalism 1.3.5 The 1980s: The Return of State 1.3.6 The Late Twentieth Century: Globalisation and Emerging ~rends/~oss'ibilitics Comparative Study of Politics: Utility 1.4.1 Comparing for Theoretical Formulation 1.4.2 Comparisons for Scientific Rigour 1.4.3 Comparisions Leading to Explanations in Relationships Summing Up Key Words Some Useful Books Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises OBJECTIVES In this unit we shall focus on the nature, scope and utility of a comparative study of politics. Through these you will be able to rook for answers to questions like, (a) what is the nature of comparative politics i.e., what is it that gives comparative political analysis its specificity: its characteristics, elements, constituents, perspective, purposelaims, and the ideologicallstructural/contextual framework within which these are realised, (b) what constitutes its scope i.e., the range, field, or area of activity that it encompasses and, (c) its utility i.e., its usefulness and relevance for enhancing our understanding of political reality, or how does comparative study help us understand this reality better. It should be pointed out, however, that these aspects cannot be studied in' isolation of each other in a compartementalised form. For a proper understanding of the nature, scope and utility of a comparative study of politics, one has to look at the latter's development historically and see how its attributes evolved with changing contexts i and concerns. I The unit is divided into different sectiorls dhich take up in some detail the above I outlined themes. Each section is followed by questions based on the section. Towards the end of the unit is provided a list of readings which can be used to supplement this unit. A set of questions follok the readings which will help you assess your understanding. All terms which have specific meanings in comparative political analysis have been explained in the section on keywords. 1.1 INTRODUCTION As the term itself points out, comparative politics is about comparing political phenomena. The emphasis is on both the method of inquiry i.e., comparative, and the substance into which inquiry is directed i.e., political phenomena. As will be pointed out in Unit 2 Comparative Method and Methods of Conlparison, 1 comparative method is not the sole prerogative sf comparative politics, and is I
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Comparative Methods and used with equal ease in other disciplines as well e.g., Psy.chology and Sociology.
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-1 Comparative methods and Approaches

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