�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-2 Comparative methods and Approaches

�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-2 Comparative methods and Approaches

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-UNIT 2 ' COMPARATIVE METHOD AND STRATEGIES OF COMPARISON Structure 2.0 Objectives 2.1 Introduction: What is Comparison 2.2 Some Thoughts on Method 2.3 The Comparative Method: Why Compare 2.3.1 ~ociai Scientific Research 2.3.2 ~nte~iative Thinking 2.4 Methods of Comparison 2.4.1 Experimental Method 2.4.2 Case Study 2.4.3 Statistical Method 2.4.4 Focussed Comparisons 2.4.5 Historical Method 2.5 Let Us Sum Up 2.6 Key Words 2.7 Some Useful Books 2.8 Answers to Check Your Progress Excercises OBJECTIVES Comparison is a familiar exercise for all of us. Most decisions in our daily lives, whether buying fruits and vegetables from the vendor or choosing a book or an appropriate college and career, involve making comparisons. When comparison is employed, however, to study social and political phenomena, there should be something about 'comparison' as a 'method' which makes it more appropriate than other methods for the purpose. To assess this appropriateness, we first need to know what is the comparative method and how it can be distinguished from other methods, some of which also compare e.g., the experimental and statistical methods. We should also understand as to why, we should use the comparative method rather than any other method. Again, how one goes about comparing or planning strategies of comparison, is also important to bear in mind. In this Unit we will take up all these issues. After going through this unit you will be able to understand: What is method? What is the comparative method? How can the. comparative method be distinguished from other methods? Why is the comparative method used? Which are the phenomenon which can be best understood\explained by this method? How does one use the comparative method in the study of politics? What are its relative advantages and disadvantages over other methods? and What is the significance of the comparative method to the field of Comparative Politics? Each section ends with a question which will help you check your progress. There are explanatory notes for some key words at the end of the unit. These words will highlighted in the text so that you can look up the meanings as and when they occur in the text. INTRODUCTION : WHAT IS COMPARISON In the previous paragraph we noted how comparisons form part of our daily lives. None of us, however, live in a vacuum. Our daily lives are crisscrossed by
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Comparative Mcthodq and numerous other lives. In so many ways our own experiences and observations of Approaches our environment get shaped and influenced by those of others. In other words, our observation of our immediate world would show that people and events are connected in a network of relationships. These relationships may be close or emotionally bound as in a family, or as the network expands in the course of our daily lives, professional (as in our place of work) or impersonal (as with our co- passengers in the bus in which we travel). These relationships or interconnectedness, however, may show a regularity, a pattern or a daily-ness, and may also themselves be regulated by norms and rules e.g. the daily route of the
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-2 Comparative methods and Approaches

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