�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-3 Comparative methods and Approaches

�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-3 Comparative methods and Approaches

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UNIT 3 INSTITUTIONAL APPROACH Structure Objectives Introductio~i The Institutional Approach 3.2.1 The Institutional Approach: A Historical Overview 3.2.2 The lnstitutional Approach and the Emergence of Comparative Government lnstitutional Approach: A Critical Evaluation The lnstitutional Approach in Contemporary Comparative Study Let Us Sum Up Key Words Some Useful Books Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 3.0 OBJECTIVES . In this unit we shall focus on (a) what constitutes the institutibnal approach (b) the significance of this approach in making comparisons (c) the units of comparisons (d) tlie specific questions tliis approacli seeks to answer or alternatively, what are the questions which tliis approacli can possibly answer, and what are its aspirations and capacities (e) liow does this approacli explain differences and similarities. After going tlirougli these you will be able to understand: what are the bases of comparison in this approach. where from does it derive its tools of comparison and what purposes are sought to be served by such comparisons : what, in other words, is the vantage point of this approacli limitations, and conversely, the importance of this approach both at present and at the time when this approacli constitilted the main field of comparative political analysis. Tliis unit is divided into different sections wliich take up in some detail the above concerns. Each section is followed by questions based on the section. Towards the end of the unit is provided a list of readings wliicll should be used to ' supplement this unit. Questions towards tlie end of the unit will help you to assess your overall understanding of tlie Institutional approach. All terms which have specific meanings in comparative political analysis have been explained in the section on keywords. 3.1 INTRODUCTION The institutional approach to comparative political analysis, simply put, is a comparative study of institutions. The natyre (comparative) and subject ntatter (institutions) of study are thus quite evident. If, for example, one were to'study the relative significance of the upper houses in parliamentary democracies, one would study the upper houses in several parliamentary democracies (e.g., the Raiya Sabha in India and the House of Lords in United Kingdom) and assess their relative significance in each case. One could then, on tlie basis of this comparative study of such institutions, arrive at generalised conclusions and explanations pertaining to their relevance or even utility in parliamentary democracies e.g. the constitutio~i of upper houses of parliament lacks
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- Comp.r.tivc Mctbodr .ad representative character or the hereditary character of upper houses erodes the Approrebcr democratic dharacter of legislatures. One could also, for example, look at the upper houses of parliaments to study the historical contexts which shape the evolution of a particular upper house. One could, for example, examine the contexts (social and economic) of the evolution of the two houses of Parliament in United K~ingdom
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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�Comparative Government & Politics Unit-3 Comparative methods and Approaches

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