♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-4 Comparative methods and Approaches

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-4 Comparative methods and Approaches

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UNIT 4 SYSTEMS APPROACH Structure Objectives Introduction Systems Approach 4.2.1 What is the Systems Approach? 4.2.2 Geneses of the Systems Approach 4.2.3 Historical Context General Syste~ns Theory and Systems 'Theory 4.3.1 General Systems and Systems Approachcs : Distinctions 4.3.2 Systems Analysis : Characteristic Featurcs 4.3.3 Systems Approaches : Concerns and 0b.icctivcs Derivatives of the Systems Analysis 4.4.1 Political System Derivative 4.4.2 Structural - Functional Derivative 4.4.3 Cybernetics Derivative Systems Theory : An Evaluation 4.5.1 Limitations of the Systems Approach 4.5.2 Strength of the Systems Approach Let Us Sum Up Key Words Some Useful Books Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 4.0 OBJECTIVES This unit deals with one of the modern approaches regarding Comparative Government and Politics. It is the Systems Approach. After studying this unit, you should be able to: explain the meaning, genesis and historical background of this approach; distinguish between general systems theory, system theory and political system theory; state the characteristic features and objectives of the systems theory; amplify some of the derivatives (such as input-output, structural-functional, cybernetics' models) of the systems theory; and evaluate the systems theory in its proper perspective. 4.1 INTRODUCTION The traditional approaclles and characteristics of their own limitations, by and large, proved irrelevant in ~naking the study of comparative governments and politics fruitful. These approaches, in their analysis of comparative governments and politics, have been largely, historical, for~nalistic, legalistic, descriptive, "explanatory and thus, have become proverbial, static and hore or less monographic. These are narrow in the sense that their description is confined to the study of western political system; they are formal legal in the sense that their analysis is inclined excessively to the study of only and merely legal institutions; and they are subjective in the sense that they do not put the political systems in any objective, empirical and scientific test. The modern approaches to the study of comparative governments and politics, while attempting to remove the defects inherent iu the traditional approaches, seek to understand in a clearer perspective, and objectively review the major
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Comparative Methods alld paradigms, co~iceptual fra~neworks and contending models so to understand and ' Approaches assess their relevance. Obviously, the modern approaches are, rather scientific, realistic, analytical and those that have brought revolution in comparative politics, Sidney Verba sums up the principles behind this revolution, saying, "Look beyond description to more theoretically relevant problems; look beyond the formal institutions of government to political processes and political functions; and look beyond the countries of Western Europe to the new nations of Asia, Africa and Latin America." The revolution was directed, as Almond and Powell rightly point out, toward (a) the search for more comprehensive scope, (b) the search for realism, (c) the search for precision, (d) the search for the theoretical order.
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-4 Comparative methods and Approaches

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