♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-6 National Movement and Anti-colonial Strugg

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-6 National Movement and Anti-colonial Strugg

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UNIT 6 IDEOLOGY, SOCIAL BASES AND I PROGRAMMES OF NATIONAL . MOVEMENTS Structure I 6.0 Objectives 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Causes of Growth of National Movements 6.2.1 Feeling of Inferiority 6.2.2 Role of Western Education 6.2.3 Role of Missionurics 6.3 Ideology of National Movements 6.4 Social Bases of National Movements 6.5 Programme of National Movements 6.6 Lct Us Sum Up A 6.7 Key Words 6.8 Sonle Uscfbl Books 6.9 Answers to Check Your Progress Esercises * OBJECTIVES I Every national movement has an ideology, programme and a clear social base. In this unit these three important components of national movements have heen discussed. After going through this unit you should be able to : explain the meaning of national movements; \ trace the evolution of national movements; analyse the causes of national movements: - describe the ideolog~. of national movcmcnts: , analyze the social basis of national movements: and . describe thc progran;~~~c of national n~ovcmctrts. 4 INTRODUCTION The term national nlovement has a very wide connotation and majt be applied to any nation-wide stn~ggle that the masses consider to be in the interest and for the welfare of their country. In this wide; sen'se, national movement may be taken to mean any struggle intended to better the lot of the people by codtructive. work in different spheres of national life. But practically speaking, in the colonized countries, a national movement was understood only to be,a strukl; for achieving the freedom of the people from foreign domination, and therehe was essentially ' a political phenomenon. National movements, therefore, were mainlytanti- . imperialistic or anti-forkign.and their main object was to secure se~f-~o~eqnknt or full independcnw of the colonies. I Althougll 'the aim of national movcnlalts \as sclf-rule and indcpc~idence they did not take the same form in all thc'cou~ltrics. Tlle fonn in which such movements were carried out \\.as dctcnl~i~lcd b~, the status of, ind circun~shnces esisting in 'a particular cou~try and ,also tlie foreign domination against \vhich they had to fight. That is why the Indian national moveincnt fpr frecdom against the British differed in its ways and means from that of thg movement for 'freedom of the Indonesians against the Dutch or of tllc Ihdo-Chinese against the!French; and of China qgainst - . . the domination of Western powers.
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NU~IOIIPI hl~vel~~ent und Anti-Culu~~iuI Strugglcr - It wvas in tlic decades bctwvccn the First and Second World Wars. that the attack upon col~nialism continually gathered momentum in the form of national movcnicnts. On the cntirc castern frontier of the Western world, in the great swvccp from Morocco through tlie Middle East and South Asia to South-east Asia. people wcrc rising to rid themselves of imperial domination. That is why the end of World War 1 was regarded as the signal for the effective beginning of the great upsurge of nationalist movements that reached its fruition after the end of Second World War in 1945.
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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-6 National Movement and Anti-colonial Strugg

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