♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-8 National Movement and Anti-colonial Strugg

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-8 National Movement and Anti-colonial Strugg

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/ UNIT 8 DYNAMICS OF STATE FORMATION IN COLONIAL ERA . Structure 8.0 Objectives 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Establishment of the Colonial State 8.2.1 Onset of the Industrial Revolution 8.1.2 Colonial Sratc in Asia 8.2.3 Coloniihislii in and Scr:rmblc for Africa 8.2.4 Colonial Starc in 1,arin Alncrica 8.3 Features and Fullctio~ls of tllc Colonial State 8.3.1 Kctarda~ion 01' tkvelopnient 8.3.2 IJccli~ic ot' Colonialis~n 8.4 Models of Colonialism 8.4.1 13ritish Colonial Policy 8.4.2 12rench Colonialism . 8.4.3' ~ortu~use Colonialism -- . - 8.4.4 The Belgian Case 8.5 Let Us Sun1 Up 8.6 Key Words 8.7 Some Useful Books 8.8 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises \ .. 8.0 OBJECTIVES ,' -- The main crbjcctivc of this unit is to fanliliarise you with the reasons underlying the establishment of the Colollial Statc in countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. its various forms, nature and functions. , A'fcr going through this unit you should be able to: trace when and how the colonial state was established; explain the nature and functions of the colonial state; and recall different colonial models. 8.1 INTRODUCTION The colonial state was the structure of governance established by Europeans who conquered large parts of the non-European world between the fifteenth and . nineteenth century. It was nieant to uphold the economic and political interests of tllc colo~iial poncr and s~~bordi~iate tliosc of the natives if necessaq with the use of forcc. Different European Powers followed different ways in the fornlation of their colonies. The methods adopted by the British. French. Portuguese and the Belgians were not the same. The). followed different approaches and set up different colonial models. The colonial states had specific features, and performed functipns that were detrimental to peoples of the colonies. In this unit you will read about different models of colonial state. 8.2 ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COLONIAL STATE Modern col~nialism has been through a number of phases beginning with the 15th century onwards. The establishment of formal colonies and of the colonial state took place much later in the 19th century and is the product of historical
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development of a world capitalist system. In the fifteenth century long oceanic Dynn~l~ics of Stutc For~~~ntlol~ h Colonial Era voyages became possible due to invention of better ships. This prompted leading European countries such as Portugal and Spain and later Britain and France to conquer new lands in Asia, Africa and America. This was an.early period of conquest, plunder, looting and piracy to amass wealth and led to redistribution of surplus wealth to the advantage of the Europeans, but was not a period in which fonnal colonies were formed. This surplus in the long run gained fro111 the silver mines of Latin America, spice trade in the Far East, and the slave trade in Africa, was to play a role in financing the industrial revolution. This stage was followed by a second in which trade and mercantile interests, rather than simple conquest and rivalry between European countries to protect their interests in different parts of the world became important. A good example is the rivalry
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-8 National Movement and Anti-colonial Strugg

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