♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-12 Society, Economy and State

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-12 Society, Economy and State

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UNIT 12 DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Structure 12.0 Objectives 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Meaning of Underdevelopment 12.3 Classical Capitalist Model of Development 12.4 Soviet-Style Socialism 12.5 The Chinese Strategy of Development 12.6 The Third World Strategies 12.7 Let Us Sun1 Up 12.8 Key Words 12.9 Some Useful Books 12.10 Answcrs to Check Your Progress Exercises 12.0 OBJECTIVES Tliis unit deals with the .theory and practice of development and discusses various strategies of development adopted by capitalist, socialist and developing countries. Once you are able to grasp it, you could be in a position to: Understand the phenomenon of underdevelopment as distinguished from undevelopment; Explain the classical capitalist method of developnlent in tl~e West and Japan: Dcscribe.the Soviet style socialist model of developnient and its failure now; Followv tb& trajectory of China's changing strategies of development; and ~eo-libcrd strategy of devclopmcnt based on globalization and privatization INTRODUCTION You have already studied the nature of comparative study of politics and also the Political Economy Approach to its study. In this unit, an attempt has been made to explain the concept of development and underdevelopment and various strategies of developnlent in a comparative perspective. Liberal writers emphasize the concepts of democracy, nationalism and modernization in this context. But radical and Marxist thinkers prefer to stress the concepts of underdevelopment, dependency and imperialism while discussing development strategies. 12.2 MEANING OF UNDERDEVELOPMENT Tllc theory of undcrdcvelopnlcnt was first propounded by Latin American writers to csplain the ccononiic and political backwardness of Latin American societies, \vhich bccamc indcpcndent from Spanish or Portuguese rule during the third dccadc of tlic 19th century. Despite their political independence for more than 150 years. their democracy, niodcrnization and national state remained underdeveloped and they continued as semi colonial dependencies of imperial countries suffering from retarded economic development. , According to Andre Gu~ider Frank, underdevelopment of Latin American countries in the past as well as some Afro-Asian countries found themselves after their political decolonisation.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The fact is that underdevelopment, like development, is also a modem phenomenon. The underdevelopment of the colonies, semi colonies and neo- colonies and development of the metropolitan centres of imperialism are related both as parts of the historical process and through the mutual impact they would continue to exercise in the present as well as the future. Paul Baran has argued that underdevelopment is organically and systematically associated with colonisation, political dominance and exploiter-exploited relationship in the economic sphere.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

Page1 / 13

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-12 Society, Economy and State

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online