♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-13 Classification of Political Regimes

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-13 Classification of Political Regimes

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LTNIT 13 MODES OF CLASSIFICATION OF POLITICAL REGIMES 13.0 Objectives 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Problems of Classification 13.3 Classification in Ancient Period 13.3.1 Aristotle's Classification 13.3.2 Extension of Aristotle's Classification 13.4 Modern Classification 13.5 Contemporary Classification 13.6 Division of Power as the Basis of Classification 13.6.1 Unitary Government 13.6.2 Federal Government 13.7 Legislative-Executive Relationship as the Basis of Classification 7 1 Parliamentary Government 13.7.2 Presidential Government 13.8 Let Us Sum Up 13.9 Key Words 13.10 Some Useful Books 13.1 1 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 13.0 OBJECTIVES 'This unit deals with the modes of classification of states and governments in historical and comparative perspectives. After going through this unit, you should identify the different models of classification of political regimes; describe the bases and principles adopted from time to time to classify the political regimes; identify the problems in arriving at a universal mode of classification of political regimes; describe the changing patterns of classification; and describe different forms of democratic government. 13.1 INTRODUCTION The classification of political regimes is as old as the study of politics itself. Beginning from the 4th Century BC onwards, there have been numerous attempts to classify the regimes, define the concepts, and specify the basis of classification. During the Greek period, the basis of classification was very limited and revolved around the number of rulers and quality of rule. In the medieval ages, attempts were made by Bodin, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Kant, etc. .to improve upon the Aristotelian classification but they could not carry farther. New modes of classification emerged with the rise of modern nation-state. The " American and French revolutions gave a blow to monarchy and brought about the republican and democratic forms. They also clearly demarcated the different organs of the government viz. legislature, executive, judiciary. The Ametican Constitution clarified the concept of federation, separation of powers and introduced the presidential form of government. Political scientists adopted modern forms of classifications which categorised government into Limited Monarchy, Democratic Republic, Parliamentary, Presidential, Unitary and Federal.
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Ctassificntion or Political Further refinements in the classification of goverrirnents and regimes became Rcgirnes necessary in the post-Second World War period. This was necessitated by the emergence of a number of post colonial societies as sovereign independent states and the establishment of communist/socialist states. Today, there is a great variety of governments in the twentieth century but it is difficult to reach any universal classification of political regimes. Let us first identify some of the problems of classification of political regimes and then proceed to examine modes of classification adopted by political thinkers from time to time.
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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-13 Classification of Political Regimes

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