♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-15 Classification of Political Regimes

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-15 Classification of Political Regimes

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UNIT 15 CIVILIAN AND MILITARY REGIMES Structure 15.0 Objectives 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Civil-Military Relations 1 15.2.1 India 15.2.2 Russia P 15.2.3 Nigeria 15.2.4 Iraq 15.2.5 Pakistan 15.2.6 United States 15.2.7 China 15.3 Military Regimes: Meaning and Features 15.3.1 Types of Military Regimes 15.3.2 Strategies of Rulership 15.4 Military in Politics: the Consequences 15.5 Let Us Sum Up . 15.6 Keywords 15.7 Some Useful Books 15.8 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 15.0 OBJECTIVES The relationship of super-ordination and subordination existing between the armed forces and the lawfully constituted public authorities of the state is another important basis for classification of governments. This unit focuses on military regimes in the developing world. It also examines the nature of civil-military relationships prevailing under different forms of governments. After going through this unit, you should be able to: Explain different patters of civil-military relations; Describe military regimes and their features; Identify various types of military regimes; and Describe the consequences of military rule for society, economy and polity. 15.1 INTRODUCTION The military is a powerful institution in conte~nporary society of states. Irrespective of the form of government, the military is expected to be subservient to the executive and assist it when called upon. On its part, the executive is expected to cater to the genuine requirements of the armed forces and give them their due. In other words, the civilian executive and the military are expected to perform their respective duties and not encroach upon one other's space and, thus, not impede the smooth functioning of the other. However, among the newly emergeht countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, there has been a wide prevalence of the military's intervention in politics. More than half of these newly established states have witnessed military coups. Despite the current wave of democracy sweeping across East Europe, 111 i l itary gover~l~nents continue to flourish in most developing countries. In our own neighbourhood, the military regime in Myanmar has been unwilling to surrender power, and Pakistan once
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Classification of Political Regimes again came under military dictatorship, in the year 1999. The relationship of super-ordination and subordination existing between tlie armed forces and tlie lawfully co~istituted public authorities lias, therefore, emerged as an important basis for classification of political systems. We will first examine the patterns of civil-military relations by taking countrywise studies of varied governments. Later, we will examine the features of ~nilitary regimes and the impact tliat military rule liad in tlie developing part of tlie world. - 15.2 CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS The terms civil-military relations in a broad sense is used to refer to tlie attitudes and behaviour, wliich the general public and the members of the armed forces of society exhibit towards each other. In a narrower and, specifically, a political
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-15 Classification of Political Regimes

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