♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-24 Social Movements

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-24 Social Movements

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UNIT 24 PEASANTRY Structure 24.0 Objectives 24.1 lntroductio~l 24.2 Definition and the Problcnl of Idcntifiiny Pcasantqv 24.2.1 C;rtegorics ol' l'casantn 24.3 Determinants of Mobilisation 24.3.1 Technologici~l Develop~ncnt 34.3.2 Historical Conju~ictt~res 34.3.3 Ecological Puralneters 24.3.4 Agrarian Structures atid C~lnlnu~iities Rolc 24.4 Varieties of Peasant Struggle 24.4.1 Nationalist 24.4.2 Anti - Feudal 24.4.3 Anti Statelhnti Govcrn~ncnt Struggles 24.5 Anti Globalisation or New PeasantfFanncr's Movements 24.6 Let Us Sun1 Up 24.7 Key Words 24.8 Sonle Useful Books 24.9 Answers to Cllcck Your Progress Escrciscs 24.0 OBJECTIVES This unit deals with rural categories called peasantry, how they have been treated as passive conservative forces over the years to a rational, progressive social categories. Can they be treated as a single homogeneous category in the midst of differentiations in land holdings, cultural diversities, social set bps etc I?. The most important question is how to define them. This unit also introduces you to the pattern or determining factors of peasant nlobilisation and thc varictics of peasant struggles at different places. In addition it focuscs on various questions that the peasant movenlent posed to the politics, tllc state, the global capital ctc. in recent years. This unit should help you in i~~ldcrstandi~lg : \\ The debate about peasant categories in a con~parati\lc perspective: \ The struggles that the peasants carried out in different countries: and The nature of tllc pcasantp and tllc issues that the!. raised in a conlparativc perspective. Peasantry has been treated as a docile, conservative tradition, value bound, reactionary, status quoist rural categories \iho have po intcrest beyond their respective rural areas and their social set ups. They are treated as thosc categories who arc strictly adhering and linked to rural values and thcrc by closed to all the options of modernity. Further they arc also trcatd as dull hcads. "sack of potatoes ". or petty bourgeoise categories who cannot fonn a class in the strict sense, nor can they fornl their oun parties or associations in a schen~atic manner. All tllcsc trcatlllcllt of tllc pcasantq docs overlook tllcir capacity to change tllc rcgin~cs in different p,laccs and countrics. participation in 24.1 INTRODUCTION
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Social Movements the nationalist movement, fight against feudalism and feudal lords, oppression, accepting modern techniques of production, raising the larger issues of nationalistm, the state, freedom, development and of course globalisation or liberalisation in recent years. 24.2 DEFINITION AND PROBLEM OF IDENTIFYING PEASANTRY There is 110 single definition of the concept of peasantry. This is mainly due to the ambiguities while adding or excluding large number of rural categories and also due to the partial understanding of tlie historical role tliat the peasantry played. The term peasant literally means a person working on the land with simple tools. Even tlie entire rural population including the big landlords and the agricultural labourers have been treated as peasantry. This treatment does
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-24 Social Movements

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