♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-25 Social Movements

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-25 Social Movements

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UNIT 25 WOMEN'S MOVEMENT Structure Objectives I~itroduction Global and Local Contexts of Women's Movements Background and History 25.3.1 *Variety of Historical Forces 25.3.2 First Wave Feminism 25.3.3 Women's Mobilisation and Women's Participation in Movements 25.3.4 Women's Movelnents tor Sun'rage Co~lternporary Women's Move~nents 25.4. l The Western Contest 25.4.2 The Non-Western Contest Pllases and Approaclles Orgariisation of Women's Movenle~lts - Autonomy and Gender Specificity 25.6.1 Specificity of Gender - implications for Party Politics 25.6.2 Women's Movements and Women in Movement . 25.6.3 Issues Related to Difference between Practical Interest of Women vs. Strategic Interest 25.7 Politics of Women's Movenlents - Diversity and Differences 15.7.1 Specific and Simultaneous Exploitation 25.7.2 Black Women's Movements - The Dilemma 25.8 Strategies Underlying Women's Movements 25.9 Economy, Development, Democracy and Women's Movements 25.9.1 Economy and Developlnent 25.9.2 Democracy, Civil Society and Women's Movements 25.10 Let Us Sum Up 25.1 1 Some Usefill Books 25.12 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 25.0 OBJECTIVES The purpose of this unit is to deal with the nature of women's movements with reference to the issues involved, organisational basis of the movement, its politics, diversities both vis-A-vis the nature of women's problerns as well as the nature of resistance. After going through this unit, you should be able to: Discuss the nature of the women's movements; Elaborate various issues around which the women's movements are organised in different parts of the world; Point out the diversities and differences within the women's movement politics; and Explain the basis of the theoretical debates arising out of and connected with these movements. 25.1 INTRODUCTION Women's movements in the contemporary context, are a part of a new style of politics of the New Social Move~nents that have become the basis of active participation of the co~nmunity in public life. Organised around the issues I
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Social klovcments including tllose of civil liberties, ecology, identity, etlinicity, education, health etc., these lnoveinents operate outside tlie party politics and shift tlie nature of participation from tlie traditional methods of representation to a direct collective action. Tlie traditional methods of representation like elections based on party colnpetitio~i have not bee11 found to be fulfillilig tlie democratic requiretilelit of extensive participation. It has been gelierally observed that even in the most institutiorialised de~iiocracies of tlie world, tlie rnargirialised and powerless sectio~is of tile society are left out by the system of power. The New Social Movements giving voice to tliese liiargilialised people, create alter~iative political spaces and fi~lfil tlieir quest for participation. By tlieir very nature, tliese movements are extensive in tlieir scope. Wliile tlie traditional politics operates only in tlie public sphere, tlie new social movements operate even in tlie social and cultural sphere. Hence tlie boundary between tlie public and tlie private or
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-25 Social Movements

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