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♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-28 Globalisation and The Developing World

♥Comparative Government & Politics Unit-28 Globalisation and The Developing World

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UNIT 28 GLOBALISATION : BACKGROUND AND FEATURES Structure Objectives Introduction Historical Background Features of Global isation 28.3.1 Economic Globalisation 28.3.2 Globalisation in Communication Field 28.3.3 Globalisation and Tourism 28.3.4 Globalisation due to International Organisations and Social Movement 28.3.5 Globalisation in the Political Field 28.3.6 Socio-Cultural Aspect of Globalisation 28.3.7 Globalisation due to Global Problems Dimensions of the Current Economic Globalisation 28.4.1 Growth OF Trade 28.4.2 Growth in Investment 28.4.3 Migration of Labour The Limits of Globalisation Let U s Sum Up Some Useful Books Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 28.0 OBJECTIVES This unit is intended to acquaint you with the nature and understanding of 'Globalisation and its importance'. After studying this unit, you should be able to: explain the meaning of globalisation; trace the evolution of globalisation; list the features of globalisation; and know the limits of globalisation; 28.1 INTRODUCTION The term globalisation has gained wide currency in the last quarter of 20th century, more emphatically in 1980's and 1990's. It is a term which is, on the one hand highly considered as indispensable and on the other, criticised as the return of Western exploitation of the developing countries. It refers to a process by which the earth planet is considered to be one single unit or a global village where social and economic interaction among the people are guided and conditioned accordingly. The world is supposed be a global society with global g issues and problems which are to be tackled with global efforts and cooperation. This has led to a feeling and a consciousness that world is a single place. As a result of revolution in science and technology more and more people interact with each other. This has fundamentally changed the concept of sovereignty of the state. 'The Stafe is increasingly finding it difficult to control the activities of its citizens. As Steve Smith and John Baylis say 'globalisation refers to processes whereby social relations acquire relatively distanceless and borderless qualities, so that human lives are increasingly played' out in the world as a single place'. According to Martin Albraw, "Globalisation refers to all these processes by which the peoples of the world are incorporated into a single world society, global society." The other view which is highly critical of globalisation defines it as
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Globalisation and the 'What we in the Third World have for centuries called Colonisation.' co art in Developing World Iehor). The concept and process of globalisation especially its economic content has been controversial not only in developing world but also in developed nations. Yet there seems.to be no escape from the phenomenon.
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