♥Political Ideas and Ideologies Unit-9 Political Traditions

♥Political Ideas and Ideologies Unit-9 Political Traditions

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41 The Confucian Tradition UNIT 9 GREEK AND ROMAN TRADITIONS Structure 9.0 Objectives 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Development and Nature of Greek City-States 9.3 The Greek Concept of State 9.3.1 Two View Points About the Nature of State 9.3.2 Necessity of the State for a Good Life 9.4 The Greek Concept of Citizenship 9.4.1 Aristotle’s Views on Citizenship 9.5 The Greek Concept of Constitution 9.5.1 Different Types of Constitutions 9.5.2 Athenian Democracy 9.6 Causes of Revolution 9.7 Achievements and Failures of Greek Political Traditions 9.8 Transition from Ancient Greece to Ancient Rome 9.9 Historical Background 9.9.1 Establishment of Monarchy 9.10 The Republic of Rome 9.10.1 Patricians and Plebians 9.10.2 Rule by Consuls 9.11 Roman Political Institutions 9.11.1 Popular Assembly 9.11.2 The Senate 9.12 The Roman Concept of Law 9.12.1 Sources of Law 9.13 Contributions of Cicero 9.13.1 Cicero’s Views on the Nature of Man and the State 9.14 Church and State 9.14.1 Views of the Church 9.14.2 Saint Augustine on Men and God 9.15 Achievements of Roman Political Traditions 9.16 Let Us Sum Up 9.17 Key Words 9.18 Some Useful References 9.19 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 9.0 OBJECTIVES In this unit, you will be introduced to political traditions developed by ancient Greek and Roman civilisations. After studying this unit, you should be able to : Understand the essential features of ancient Greek and Roman political traditions; Explain the ancient Greek and Roman theories of state, constitution and citizenship; Evaluate their achievements and failures; and Assess their relevance to contemporary political science.
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42 Political Traditions 9.1 INTRODUCTION In this unit, we shall deal with the ancient Greek and Roman political traditions. These traditions laid the foundations of Western political thought and expounded many noble ideas about state and citizenship. The Greek political tradition began after the eclipse of the heroic age and the establishment of the Greek city-states. It produced great political thinkers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle and experimented with different forms of government. The Greek political experience developed in the small city-states or polis . These city-states were of a small size, but they had a politically vigilant and conscious body of citizens. The Greek political traditions were terminated due to the Macedonian invasions in 4th century B.C. As shall become apparent in this unit, the Greek view of state and politics had been conditioned and shaped by the experiences of Greek city-states. 9.2 DEVELOPMENT AND NATURE OF GREEK CITY-STATES The Greek city-states were the product of peculiar Greek political and territorial conditions as the land was narrow and not fertile enough to house a large population. The Greek city-states were developed with the merger of a large number of tribes
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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♥Political Ideas and Ideologies Unit-9 Political Traditions

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