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Unformatted text preview: 28 Power, Authority and Legitimacy UNIT 16 POLITICAL OBLIGATION AND REVOLUTION Structure 16.0 Objectives 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Political Obligation and Revolution: The Inter-relatedness of these Complementary Terms 16.3 Origin and Nature of the Concept of Political Obligation 16.4 Characteristics of Political Obligation 16.4.1 Management of Public Affairs 16.4.2 Political Legitimacy 16.4.3 Resistance to Authority 16.5 Different Theories of Political Obligation 16.5.1 Divine Theory: Sanction in Faith 16.5.2 Consent/Contract Theory: Sanction in Will of the People 16.5.3 Prescriptive Theory: Sanction in Reverence to the Established Conventions and Traditions 16.5.4 Idealistic Theory: Sanction in the Rationality of Man 16.5.5 Marxian Theory: Eventual Conversion of Political Obligation into Social Obligation 16.6 Concluding Appraisal of Political Obligation 16.7 Revolution: Nature and Implication 16.8 Characteristics of Revolution 16.8.1 Beginning of a Process 16.8.2 Implies a Change 16.8.3 Signifies a Coherent Programme 16.8.4 Mythical Status to Political Leadership 16.9 Revolution: A Mere Event or a Series of Events 16.10 Different Theories of Revolution 16.10.1 Liberal Theory 16.10.2 Marxian Theory 16.10.3 Neo-Liberal Theory 16.10.4 Idealistic-Liberal Theory 16.11 Theorising Revolution in Recent Social Science Literature 16.11.1 Comparative Approach 16.11.2 Psychological Approach 16.11.3 Sociological Approach 16.11.4 Political Approach 16.11.5 Philosophical Approach 16.12 Concluding Appraisal of Revolution 16.13 Let Us Sum Up 16.14 Some Useful References 16.15 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 29 Political Obligation and Revolution 16.0 OBJECTIVES After reading this unit, you should be able to: • Explain the concept and the inter-relationship between political obligation and revolution • Point out the various theories developed to explain the concept of political obligation and revolution • Examine the advantages and limitations of political obligation and revolution with regard to state authority 16.1 INTRODUCTION The concern of a political scientist is not only confined to the study of authority, but also extends to the problem of power being acceptable to the people over whom it is exercised. A study of the concept of political obligation necessarily leads to an investigation of related terms—political legitimacy and revolution. While the concept of political obligation constitutes an important touchstone of political philosophy, it finds a significant place in association with the notions of legitimacy and effectiveness. After this, we pass on to the study of the idea of revolution. In this unit, we propose to examine the relationship between a legitimate political order and an enlightened citizenship, which would make clear the concepts of political obligation and revolution....
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