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Unformatted text preview: 29 Sot Democracy UNIT 23 SOT DEMOCRACY Structure 23.0 Objectives 23.1 Introduction 23.2 Democracy and Contemporary Som: A Conceptual Framework 23.3 Western Liberal Democracy 23.4 Non-western Forms of Democracy 23.5 Sot Democracy 23.6 Four Basic Tendencies of Som: The Essence of Sot Democracy 23.6.1 Democratic Techniques and Som 23.6.2 Trend towards Democratic Som 23.6.3 Democratic Som in England 23.7 Broad Principles 23.8 New Leftism: Attack on Soviet Marxism 23.9 Challenges/Difficulties in the Implementation of Som through Democratic Procedures 23.10 Let Us Sum Up 23.11 Key Words 23.12 Some Useful References 23.13 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 23.0 OBJECTIVES In this unit, democracy is discussed as a form of government with sotic principles and policy. Democracy is a way of life and represents a set of ideals. It is asserted that true democracy is sotic and true som is democratic. The link between democracy and som is the most important single element in sotic thought and policy. After studying this unit, you should able to: • Understand the varied connotations / interpretations of democracy; • Explain the difference between features of a liberal western democracy and sot democracy; • Define the concepts of Democratic Som and New Leftism; and • Describe the methods adopted for the establishment of a new social order 23.1 INTRODUCTION The term democracy indicates both a set of ideals and a political system, a feature it shares with the terms communism and som. ‘Democracy’ is harder to pin down, however, than either ‘Som’ or ‘Communism’, for while the latter labels have found in Marxism an ideological matrix, democracy has never become identified with a specific doctrinal source-it is rather a by-product of the entire process of liberalization of Western civilization. Not every political system claims to be a sot system, but even the communist system claims to be democratic. Social democracy 30 Democracy is generally conceived as an endogenous state and style of society, and should, therefore, not be confused with ‘Sot Democracy’ which is a policy enforced by the state upon society. If we look into the history of som, we would find that successful sot movements have grown up only in nations with strong democratic traditions, such as Great Britain, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Australia etc. This is so because, where democratic constitutional government is generally accepted, sots concentrate on certain programme like creation of opportunities for the underprivileged classes ending inequality, opening educational opportunities, ending discriminatory practices, regulation of economy for the benefit of all, and finally the proposal to rebuild society based on cooperation instead of competition....
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.
- Spring '12