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Unformatted text preview: 5 Secularism UNIT 28 STATE AND GLOBALISATION Structure 28.0 Objectives 28.1 Introduction 28.2 Globalisation and its Context 28.3 Dimensions of Globalisation 28.3.1 Economic Globalisation 28.3.2 Political Globalisation 28.3.3 Globalisation and Culture 28.4 Nation-State and Sovereignty 28.4.1 Definition and Meaning of the State 28.4.2 Sovereignty 28.4.3 Sovereignty under Threat 28.5 Globalisation, State and the MNCs 28.6 Globalisation, State and Regionalism 28.7 Globalisation and its Dualism 28.7.1 Division of the World into Two Camps 28.8 An Appraisal 28.9 Let Us Sum Up 28.10 Some Useful References 28.11 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 28.0 OBJECTIVES This unit examines the state-globalisation interface. After going through this unit, you should be able to: • Define and explain the meaning of globalisation; • Discuss the various dimensions of globalisation; • Define the state and discuss the threats to its sovereignty in the wake of globalisation; • Discuss the role of multinational corporations in the context of globalisation; and • Comment on the future of the state consequent to globalisation. 28.1 INTRODUCTION In the context of globalisation, the modern state is undergoing a tremendous transformation. Many forces unleashed by the global processes have affected the state as the centre of popular imagination. The nation-state has come to redefine its relationship with its people at different levels. Though the sovereignty of state still remains important, it is severely constricted by fragmentation at the local level and integration at the global level. The transformation of the nation-state in different regions of the world assumes different forms depending upon the specificity of regional formations. This lesson explains the multiple meanings of globalisation and its implications for the nation-state in the first part. Later, it brings out different dimensions of the transformation of the nation-state. 6 Contemporary Issues 28.2 GLOBALISATION AND ITS CONTEXT For our clarity, similar sounding terms like globalisation and globalism must be classified. The term globalisation refers to a process, where as globalism is a term which refers to a set of ideas, values, practices which seek to uphold the goals of what has been taking shape in the name of globalisation today. In a nutshell, globalism means an ideology or a framework of justification for globalisation. It is also important to dispel some of the misperceptions of globalisation of the present day. In some quarters, globalisation is understood in a generic sense that globalisation has been in existence as an idea and a practice since the time immemorial. This understanding lacks a proper historical sense, as it does not recognise the specificity of globalisation in the present context. Globalisation emerges out of a complex historical process engendered by the logic of capitalist expansion. It seeks to thrive on a specific kind of political and cultural environment at the global level. It hason a specific kind of political and cultural environment at the global level....
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- Spring '12