Unit-32 Context of Indian State

Unit-32 Context of Indian State - CRTlVE, REPRESSION AND...

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CRTlVE, REPRESSION AND TERROR IN IND~ POLITICS Structure 32.0 Objectives 32.1 Introduction 32.1.1 The ~eanin~s'of politics 32.1.2 Transition in Indian Politics 32.2 Crime and Politics 32.3 What is Repression? 32.4 Tenor: A Contested Category 32.5 Let Us Sum Up 32.6 Some Usekl Books 32.7 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 32.0 OBJECTIVES Crime, repression and terror have become commonly used adjectives to describe Indian politics. Each of these aspects, however, has specific meanings within the fiameyork of democratic theory. They are oh seen as perversions in democracy, and manifestations of a rupture in the democratic processes. AAer going through this unit, you will be able to understand: How crime, repression and terror form significant contexts of Indian politics; and The manner in which they determine the content of Indian politics. 3 2.1 INTRODUCTION 32.1.1 The Meanings of Politics Before one can begin talking about crime, repression and terror ifi Indian politics, it perhaps makes sense to talk first about the meaning of 'politics'. It is only after having understood the meaning'of politics, that we can understand how crime, repression and terror, 'corrupt' or 'pervert' politics, and change its meaning altogether. Generally speaking, the expression politics refers to a distinctive space as well the activities and relationships which characterise the space. ~hus in our common usage of the term we tend to differentiate the 'political' hm other spheres of human activity which form the private concerns of individuals and groups, viz., social, cultural, economic, etc. Politics has generally been understood in three broad ways: a) Politics is associated with governmental activities. This understanding of politics can perhaps be illustrated with the help of the notion of politics as it existed in classical Greece. Politics in Greek usage pertained to participation in decision-making and the, exercise of authority. In the nineteen sixties, David Easton conceptualised politics as the 'authoritative allocation of values'. For others like Bernard Crick, politics refers not so much to authoritative decision-making, but the processes by which decisions could be reached amiably.
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Contcrt of Indian State b) Politics is also understood as referring to the public domain, a space which is distinguished fiom the private and personal. This domain, unlike the private space, is concerned with activities whereby norms and rules which govern the entire society are determined and applied through the use of covert andlor overt coercive power. c) There is yet another understanding of politics which seeks to change radically the above understandings of politics. According to this understanding, politics refers not merely to decision-making but pertains to the manner in which power, wealth and resources. are distributed in society. Politics is also not seen as confined to the public domain, but as something which permeates all institutions and unfolds at every level of social existence. We may mention here, that the feminists were the
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Unit-32 Context of Indian State - CRTlVE, REPRESSION AND...

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