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Unformatted text preview: 1 ________________________________________________________________________ UNIT 28 WORKERS AND PEASANTS ________________________________________________________________________ Structure 28.0 Objectives 28.1 Introduction 28.2 Workers Movements 28.2.1 Workers’ Movements in the colonial period 28.2.2 The Issues and the Types of Collective Actions 28.2.2 Workers’ Movements in the Post-colonial Period (i ) The National Level (ii) The Provincial Level (iii) The Trade Unions without Political Affiliations (iv) The Limitations of the Workers’ Movements 28.3 Peasant Movements 28.3.1 Small and Poor Peasants’ Movements 28.3.2 Rich Peasants’ and Farmers’ Movements 28.4 Impact of Liberalisation on the Workers’ and Peasant Movements 28.5 Let Us Sum Up 28.6 Some Useful Books 28.7 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises ________________________________________________________________________ 28.0 OBJECTIVES ________________________________________________________________________ Workers and peasants in India have been involved in the collective actions in order to fight for their demands. Their collective actions like those of other social group can be included in the social and political movements. After going through this unit, you will be able to understand: • Nature of the movements of the workers and peasants; • Their demands, problems and leaderships; • Patterns of mobilisation in the collective actions; • Influence of these movements on the state; and • The impact of the liberalisation on the workers and peasants. ________________________________________________________________________ 1 2 28.1 INTRODUCTION ________________________________________________________________________ Workers and the peasants together form the largest groups of the Indian society. While the workers largely belong to the exploited section, the peasants consist of both the poor and the rich sections. These groups have been involved in the collective actions or the social and political movements to get their demand fulfilled. The nature of the issues raised by them or their leadership depends on the place they occupy in the economy or society. It also depends on the fact whether the workers are engaged in the organised, unorganised, agrarian or the industrial sectors or whether a peasant is a poor peasant or the rich peasant operating in the mechanised capitalist economy or in the backward –feudal economy. In this unit, we shall discuss important features of the workers and peasants movements in India. ________________________________________________________________________ 28.2 WORKERS’ MOVEMENTS ________________________________________________________________________ The workers movement in India can be divided in two phases – the pre-Independence period and the post-Independence period....
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.
- Spring '12