Unit-17 Federalism in India

Unit-17 Federalism in India - UNIT 17 AUTONOMY MOVEMENTS...

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UNIT 17 AUTONOMY MOVEMENTS AND STATES REORGANISATION IN INDIA Structure 17.0 Objectives 17.1 Introduction 17.2 The Theoretical Issues 17.2.1 Territoriality Versus Culture 17.2.2 Government in ti Multi-cultural Slate 17.2.3 Cross-cutting Cleavage 17.3 The Colonial Experience 17.3.1 'British' slid 'Native' Indians 17.3.2 From Preside~icies to Provinces 17.3.3 Religion Versus Language 17.4 India after Partition 17.4.1 1:rorn Provinces to States 17.4.2 The, Backward Tracts 17.5 Linguistic Reorganisation of States 17.5.1 Creation of Andhra State 17.5.2 States Reorganisation, 1956 17.5.3 Cwation of New States 17.5.4 Reorganisation of North-East India 17.5.5 Upgradation of Union Territories 17.6 Analysis and Conclusion 17.6.1 l'ower and Benefits of Statehood 17.6.2 Identity and Statehood 17.7 Let Us Sum Up 17.8 Some Useful Books 17.9 Answers to Check Your Progress Excercises 17.0 OBJECTIVES The objective of the present unit is to explain to you the reasons and processes related to the reorganisation of states in India. After going througl~ this unit, you bill be able to understand: 8 The nature of this interconnection; Some of the issues concerning the delimitation of the boundaries of a state: The reasons why people seek statehood; and The way nyw states are created and state boundaries are altered in India. 17.1 INTRODUCTION .The Constitution of lndia empowers the Union government to create new states out of existing states or two merge one state with other. This process is called reorganisation of the states. The basis of reorganisation could be linguistic, religious, ethnic or administrative. 17.2 THE THEORETICAL ISSUES Modem states are mostly large states with several cultural and economic problems Historical experiences add complexity to their problems. One of the most difficult
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Lilal~engcs to statecraft lies in rationall!. organising tllcnl to suit the needs of government and, convgrsclj; to adjust the proccss of government to n~cct the complexity. - 17.2.1 Territoriality Versus Culture One of the major problems of state managanent today is the incongruit!* bet\vccn the territorial limits and the cultural front~crs of 111odcrn statcs. Modem statcs arc nlostly large states and contai~l sc\cral religious. linguistic and ethnic (tribal) groups. In son~e cascs they arc nliscd as in the United States of America. In sonic cascs they are conccntratcd in distinct regions as in Canada or S\\itzcrland. When tllc religious. the linguistic or the tribal groups arc conccntratcd in particular gcograpllical arcas. they ma!. be tbrnlcd ~nto provinces or statcs and granted local autonom!. . This may be called the proccss of pro\ lnciallsatio~l or rcgionalisation. Even when sucll provincialisation or rcgionalisation is possible. there always remain in every province or region sections of popillation belonging to other cultures. This is particularly true of the border areas of a province or a region.
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Unit-17 Federalism in India - UNIT 17 AUTONOMY MOVEMENTS...

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