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Darwinism Recitation Paper Week 3

Darwinism Recitation Paper Week 3 - Andra Stanley 2006...

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Andra Stanley January 31, 2006 Young, Ch. 3/Darwin 44-52 Rec. Tuesday 3-3:50 Young Chapter 3 Lamarck studied invertebrates at the Museum of Natural History in Paris. He was the first to distinguish between insects, crustaceans, and arachnids, and also drew a clear distinction between inanimate objects and living things. Lamarck coined the word ‘biology’ in 1802 for the science of life. Lamarck believed that all organisms became more complex over time by means of evolution, only disturbed by local adaptations. Lamarck outlined a linear series of increasing complexity, with man being the top. Alterations in an organism’s needs led to bodily changes that were passed on to the offspring, known as the ‘inheritance of acquired characteristics.’ There were only three explanations to the foddils found that differed from any animal alive: they had evolved into a living species, they had become extinct, or they had migrated to unexplored regions. Lamarck contended that the fossil species had evolved into living organisms and denied extinction.
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