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Unit-8 Philosophy of Indian constitutional

Unit-8 Philosophy of Indian constitutional - UNIT 8 RIGHTS...

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UNIT 8 RIGHTS AND CITIZENSHIP Structure Objectives Introduction What is Citizenship? 8.2.1 Citizenship and Individualism 8.2.2 Citizenship and Multiculturalism Citizenship and Rights in the Indian Constitution 8.3.1 Who are the Citizens of India? 8.3.2 Recognition of Community in Indian Citizenship 8.3.3 Directive Principles of State Policy 8.3.4 Rights and Franchise 8.3.5 Duties of Citizenship Tensions in Citizenship 8.4.1 Citizenship and Gender Pathways to Citizenship Let Us Sum Up Key Words Some Useful Books Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 8.0 OBJECTIVES The constitution of India is a comprehensive document giving details about the rights and citizenship. When you finish reading this unit you should be able to understand the legal-formal aspects of citizenship as incorporated in Part I1 of the Constitution of India. .Reading it wifh Part 111, IV and IVA of the Constitution on Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties respectively, you should also be able to comprehend the nature of citizenship as envisaged by the constitution makers. After going through this unit you should be able to explain: the meaning of citizenship the specific nature of citizenship in India . . .* citizenship and rights in the constitution of India the elements of citizenship pathways to citizenship paradoxes 1 tensions and criticisms of citizenship 8.1 INTRODUCTION Citizenship presents a range of issues and questions viz., what is citizenship? Is it a legal status allowing the enjoyment of certain rights or does it involve also duties and responsibilities? What are the elements of citizenship? Who is a citizen? What is the relationship between the citizen and the state? These and other questions have been at the core of what may be called a 'theory of citizenship'. It must be borne in mind that while citizenship aims to assure equality, socio-ecbnomic categories of gender, class, caste, race, nationality etc., determine the extent to which we enjoy our rights of citizenship, have access to the various conditions essential for the full development of our personalities, or even the extent to which we can exercise our duties of citizenship. While technological advances and globalisation have brought peoples of the world and within states closer, there is also a growing awareness of cultural differences among them. Important questions pertaining to inequalities among
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Philosophy of Indian nation-states in the world and-within them along lines of gender, class, caste, ethnicity, Constitution nationality etc., have been raised. While one may have grown up thinking that citizenship has to do with individual rights and duties, there has been a growing realisation that cultural / religious communities, while participating in the common national life, have also the right to maintain their own cultures. Rights of citizenship therefore, also have to cater to the needs of specific cultural groups. Issues of community rights have thus acquired much sig~lificance in recent scholarship and policy decisions. When we proceed to the other sections we must keep in mind the issues raised here viz., issues
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Unit-8 Philosophy of Indian constitutional - UNIT 8 RIGHTS...

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