Unit-4 Historical Background

Unit-4 Historical Background - - UNIT 4 EMERGENCE OF NEW...

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- UNIT 4 EMERGENCE OF NEW CLASSES Structure 4.0 Objectives 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Factors Leading to the Emergence of New Classes 4.3 Old Classes in New Milieu 4.4 The New Classes 4.4.1 Zarnindars 4.4.2 Tenants 4.4.3 Peasant-proprietors 4.4.4 The Kisan Movement, Main Land Marks 4.4.5 Modern Indian Intelligentsia 4.4.6 The Capitalist Class 4.4.7 The Rise of the Working Class 4.5 Let Us Sum Up 4.6 Some Useful Books 4.7 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 4.0 OBJECTIVES This unit deals with the rise of new classes which emerged during the colonial period. After going through this Unit, you will be able to: Understand the reasons for the rise of new classes; Understand conditions of the old classes; and Establish a link between these classes and the following units in rest of the blocks. 4.1 INTRODUCTION - - - - \- - -- The Indian society witnessed the emergence of many new classes after the advent of the British rule. There emerged classes of Zarnindars, tenants, peasant-proprietors, moneylenders, agricultural laborers, etc. in rural areas; in the urban areas the classes of capitalists, workers, small traders, etc., appeared. There also emerged an educated middle class. Gradually these classes acquired national character, which manifested in the formation of all India organisation by them. The capitalist class formed the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. The workers built All India Trade Union Congress. The peasant-proprietors, tenants and agricultural laborers built All India Kisan Sabha. The creation of a national economy and state system out of almost unconnected local economies and congeries of state by the British provided the impulse among the new classes to organise and struggle on an all India basis. The pre-British India was marked with the absence of all India economy and a unified administrative system. That is why there were no all India classes. These new classes started struggling for the promotion of their sectional interests. The enlightened sections of these classes started understanding the true nature of British rule, thev could see the clash of interests of the Indian m~le with British interests
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distorical Background in India. They also realised that the general prospehy of India society would create better conditions even for promotion of their sectional interests. They also realised this general prosperity could only come with freedom. This realisation galvanised the progressive classes to join the united nationalist fi-eedom struggle. The emergence of new classes did not follow any uniform pattern everywhere and among all the communities. The new economy causing the rise of new classes was introduced in the areas, which came under the British control. The conquest of India was not achieved in one stroke. It was done in tits and bits. The part of country coming under British control early witnessed the early rise of the new classes. Bengal was the first to usher in the two new classes the Zamindars and the tenants because British conquest started
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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Unit-4 Historical Background - - UNIT 4 EMERGENCE OF NEW...

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