Unit-3 Historical Background

Unit-3 Historical Background - UNIT 3 NATIONAL MOVEMENT...

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UNIT 3 NATIONAL MOVEMENT Structure 3.0 Objectives 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Early Nationalist Activities 3.2.1 Indians Realise Colonial Discrimination 3.2.2 Demand for Increase in Indian Representation 3.3 Extremist Nationalist Phase 3.4 Ghadar and the Home Rule Movement 3.4.1 Ghadar Movement 3.4.2 Home Rule Movement 3.5 Coming of Gandhi and the Non-Cooperation Movement 3.5.1 Gandhi and Peasantry 3.5.2 Protest against the Rowlett Act 3.5.3 Non-Cooperation Movement 3.6 Rise of the Peasantry, Working Classes and the Left 3.6.1 Gandhi-Ambedkar Debate 3.6.2 Arrival of Marxism 3.6.3 Growthpf Communalion 3.7 Civil Disobedience Movement and its Aftermath 3.7.1 The Simon Commission 3J.2 Civil Disobedience Movement 3.8 The War and the Quit India Movement 3.9 Post-War Upsurge 3.9.1 The Indian National Army 3.10 Communal Riots, Independence and Partition 3.11 LetUsSumUp 3.12 Some Usehl Books 3.13 Answers to Check Your Progress Exercises 3.0 OBJECTIVES The legacy of the Indian ~ational Movement affected politics in India in more ways than one. An understanding of the Indian National movement will enable you to understand the politics of contemporary India better. After going through this unit, you will be able to: Understand the role of leaders with varying ideological background in the India; qational movement; To now the cdntribution of various classes lie the peasanw and woring class; To establish the line between certain developments which preceded the achievement of Independence, and contribution of politics to it; and To analyse the unfinished task of the national movement;
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3.1 INTRODUCTION National Movement The Indian National Movement and the Chinese revolution of 1949 were two significant mass movements in world history, which influenced the destiny of millions of people. The former articulated the desire for hedom of millions of Indians, and inspired movements in colonised Asia and .Africa. The Indian National Movement passed through several phases. 3.2 EARLY NATIONALIST ACTIVITIES As you have studied in the units 1 and 2 the British exploited the Indians in several ways and different sections of society responded to it in different ways. 3.2.1 Indians Realise Colonial Discrimination There was a gradual realisation of the exploitative and discriminating character of British rule. The writings of Dadabhai Naoroji, Badruddin Tyabji, K.T. Telang, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, R.C. Dutt and M.G. Ranade clearly laid the responsibility for the growing poverty and unemployment among the people on the colonial state. They also criticised the colonial authorities for not associating Indians with the country's administration. When Surendra Nath Banerjee (1848-1925) was disqualified from joining the civil services on a flimsy ground, he travelled across the country and educated his countrymen regarding the discriminating nature of colonial rule. In 1883, the Illbert bill attempted to empower an Indian judge to preside over the trial of European.
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2012 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Harfancoofers during the Spring '12 term at Sunway University College.

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Unit-3 Historical Background - UNIT 3 NATIONAL MOVEMENT...

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