lecture 6

lecture 6 - Philosophy 262 Can Machines be Creative? An...

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Philosophy 262 Can Machines be Creative?
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An argument for artificial intelligence (i) It's possible (in principle) to construct a machine that can pass the Turing Test. (ii) The ability to pass the Turing Test is sufficient for the ability to use and understand language. (iii) The ability to use and understand language is sufficient for being a thinking intelligent being. Therefore, it’s possible (in principle) to construct a machine that is a thinking intelligent being.
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Objections to Premise (1) (1) The Argument from Consciousness (Jefferson): Not until a machine can write a sonnet or compose a concerto because of thoughts and emotions felt, and not by the chance fall of symbols. could we agree that machine equals brain—that is, not only write it but know it had written it. No machine could feel (and not merely signal) pleasure at its successes, grief when its valves fuse, be warmed by flattery, be made miserable by its mistakes, be charmed by sex, be angry or depressed when it can’t get what it wants. .. (a) Can a machine write a sonnet ? (b) Can a machine write a sonnet and know it had done so? (c) Can a machine write a sonnet because of thoughts and emotions? (d) Can a machine feel pleasure, grief, misery, anger, etc.?
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Rules for writing a sonnet (Wiki How) (1) Understand the definition of a sonnet (2) Choose your style: (a) Petrarchan : two quatrains (eight lines or the octave) and a closing minor group of six lines (the sestet). The pattern is: ABBA ABBA CDE CDE. The letters represent a rhyme, meaning that a's should rhyme with a's and b's should rhyme with b's. (b) Shakespearean style is three quatrains followed by a couplet: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. In The Art of Shakespeare's Sonnets , Helen Vendler describes it as Q1, Q2, Q3, and C. (3) Use iambic pentameter rhyme scheme (4) Create the argument . Your sonnet should "build up" and present a type of argument that is resolved by the end. For example (Shakespearian), Quatrain 1: Express the main theme and the main metaphor . Quatrain 2: Expand both; be imaginative, provide an example perhaps. Quatrain 3: Add a twist or a conflict which will often begin with "but", often from the ninth line. Couplet : Resolve the theme and leave the reader with a new way of looking at things, or a "discovery".
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Computer or human(1)? 1. is beauty itself that they were walking there. All along the new world naked, cold, familiar wind – 2. Pink confused with white flowers and flowers reversed take and spill the shaded flame darting it back into the lamp's horn
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Computer or human? 3.
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lecture 6 - Philosophy 262 Can Machines be Creative? An...

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