lecture 16

lecture 16 - Philosophy 262 Identity and Survival Responses...

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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy 262 Identity and Survival Responses to Williams (1) Our fear is due to a mere sentimental attachment to our bodies. (2) Our fear is merely the fear of what we regard as our own death ( rather than the pain of the person being tortured)? (3) Our fear is due to the belief that, even if the person who wakes up from the operation is stripped of all my particular psychological characteristics, there will be some distinctive consciousness (some ghostly person ) that remains the same. Three possibilities: (1) Hang onto the psychological criterion--and explain why we fear the torture by citing (1), (2), or (3). (2) Agree with Williams that bodily continuity (being what Locke calls the same man [i.e.having the same living human body] is necessary and sufficient for being the same person. (3) We need both! Both bodily continuity and some sort of psychological connection are necessary for being the same person; neither is sufficient. The accident: Step 1 Suppose that you're in a terrible accident, and though your brain is unharmed , the rest of your body is completely destroyed. However, there s another person in a similar accident whose body is similar to yours--and the accident leaves that person brain dead. Suppose your brain is transplanted into that person s body . Have you survived the operation? The accident: Step 2 Suppose that you're in a terrible accident (just as described before), and while your brain is being transplanted into the brain-dead victim s body, something goes wrong--and only half your brain (which still sustains many memories and character traits) survives....
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lecture 16 - Philosophy 262 Identity and Survival Responses...

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