Contemporary western culture teaches, tests, reinforces and rewards primarily two kinds
of intelligence: verbal/linguistic and logical/mathematical.
Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences proposes that there are at least nine
intelligences that are equally important. They are "languages" that most people speak,
and that cut through cultural, educational, and ability differences.
Individuals possess an 'intelligence profile' across all these intelligences. Whereas some
believe that intelligence (IQ) is fixed MI theory holds that any intelligence may be
developed over time, although for any individual this may be easier for some
intelligences than others.
An holistic approach to MIs might emphasise the dynamic interplay of all intelligences,
both within self and collaboratively with others, through a meta-cognitive process.
There are numerous resources available to help teachers design activities and topics to
stimulate the different intelligences as well as research on how they have been used in the
MI Resources and tests
Thinks and learns with words and speech.
Can memorise facts, do written tests, and enjoys reading.
Core Operations: syntax, phonology, semantics, pragmatics
"Linguistic intelligence is the capacity to use language, your native language, and perhaps other
languages, to express what's on your mind and to understand other people. Poets really specialize
in linguistic intelligence, but any kind of writer, orator, speaker, lawyer, or a person for whom
language is an important stock in trade highlights linguistic intelligences." -Howard Gardner
(Checkley, 1997, Sept. p. 12)
Thinks deductively applying rules and principles.
Can deal with numbers and recognise abstract patterns.