101_Music_History

101_Music_History - A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF MUSICAL HISTORY I....

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A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF MUSICAL HISTORY I. GREEK MUSIC (ca. 500-323 BC) Myth of Orpheus Doctrine of Musical Ethos Greek Modes: Dorian Phrygian Instruments: lyre, or kithara aulos/auloi Gods: Apollo (reason) Dionysus (emotional abandon/frenzy) II. ROMAN MUSIC (ca. 146 BC-476 AD) Imitates Greeks/loud/no surviving examples III. MIDDLE AGES: (ca. 476 -1400 AD) Church is principal patron of all the arts Early Middle Ages: All music is monophonic-Gregorian chant/plainchant Later Middle Ages: Development of polyphony Most important form: Mass (performed in conjunction with the Eucharist/Sacrament) 1) Proper = those portions whose text changes according to religious calendar 2) Ordinary = those sections whose text never changes IV. RENAISSANCE “Golden Age of [Imitative] Polyphony” Forms: Motet = short, polyphonic vocal work for Church performance Madrigal = vocal setting of a short secular text Examples: Josquin des Pres, motet "Ave Maria" Thomas Weelkes, madrigal, "As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending"
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101_Music_History - A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF MUSICAL HISTORY I....

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