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Unformatted text preview: MORTALS AND DEITIES INVOLVED IN THE TROJAN WAR Greeks - also called Achaeans land Danaans Achilles: Prince of the Myrrnidons and main hero of Homer’s Iliad. Son of Peleus and Thetis (a sea nymph). To grant him immortality, Thetis dipped her baby, Achilles, into the river Styx, but
since she held him by the ankle, that spot was left vulnerable. Agamemnon: Son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. King of Mycenae and
Commander-in-Chief of all the Achaean forces at Troy. Ajax: (spelled Aias in the Odyssey). Second only to Achilles in his courage and skills as a
warrior. Clytemnestra: Sister of Helen, wife of Agamemnon. She murders Againemnon when he returns
from theﬂTroj an war to avenge her daughter, lphigenia’s death. Helen: Daughter of Zeus and Leda. Sister of Clytemnestra. Considered the most beautiful mortal
in the world. All the eligible bachelors in Greece wanted to marry her. When Menelaus was
chosen to be her husband, the other suitors swore to uphold and protect their marriage. Thus when Helen was abducted by (or eloped with) Paris, these men formed an army to attack Troy
and bring her back. Menelaus: Son of Atreus and brother of Agamemnon. King of Sparta. Husband of Helen. Odysseus: King of Ithaca. Married to Penelope. Known for. his cunning, he is a favorite of
Athena. His 10-year voyage home from Troy is told in Homer’s Odyssey. Patroclus: Second in command of the Mynnidon forces and childhood friend of Achilles. Penelope: Wife of Odysseus. A model of marital ﬁdelity and patience, she waits 20 years for her
husband to return from the war. - Trojans (Troy is also called Ilium): Aeneas: Son of Aphrodite (Venus) and Anchises. A Trojan noble who is second in command to
Hector. His story is told in Virgil’s Aeneid. I Andromache: Hector’s wife. Her scene of parting from Hector is one of the most touching
moments in the Iliad. Briseis: Taken captive by Achilles and then taken from Achilles by Agamemnon. Cassandra: Daughter of Priam and Hecuba, sister of Hector and Paris. She is a prophetess who
rejected the advances of Apollo and he cursed her that no one would ever believe her prophesies. MORTALS AND DEITIES INVOLVED IN THE TROJAN WAR Chryses: Priest of Apollo and father of Chryseis, who is taken captive by Agameinnon. Apollo
forces Agarnernnon to give her back to her father. Hector: Son of Priam and Hecuba. Prince of Troy and commander-in~chief of Trojan forces.
Hecuba: Wife of King Priam. Mother of 19 children, including Hector, Paris, and Cassandra. Paris: Son of Priain and Hecuba. His “judgment” and abductidn of Helen of Sparta result in the
Trojan War. ' Priam: King of Troy. A gentle, kind, honorable old man who had 50 sons and 50 daughters. Gods who are neutral in the war; Zeus: Father of gods and men. God of the heavens and supreme ruler. Responsible for rain, hail,
thunder, and lightning. ' Hades: God of the dead and the underworld. Brother of Zeus and Poseidon. Hermes: Messenger and ambassador of the gods. Gods who side with the Greeks: Athena: Goddess of wisdom and patroness of arts and crafts. A warrior goddess who sprung
full—grown and in armor from the head of her father, Zeus. She favors Odysseus and helps him get back from the war. Hera: Sister and wife of Zeus. Goddess of motherhood and childbirth. Hates the Trojans.
Poseidon: God of the sea. Brother of Zeus and Hades. Bad-tempered and vindictive, he holds an
old grudge against Troy. His support of the Greeks doesn’t extend to Odysseus after he blinds his
son, Polyphemus, however, and he keeps Odysseus away from home for years. Thetis: Sea—nymph and wife to mortal Peleus. Mother of Achilles. Gods who side with the Trojans: Aphrodite: Goddess of love. Paris chose her as the fairest, so she protects him. Her son, Aeneas,
is a Trojan prince. ' ' Apollo: God of prophecy, poetry, music. Hates Achilles.
Ares: God of war. Homer ridicules him as a violent, braggait soldier. Artemis: Twin of Apollo. Goddess of the hunt and animals. Joins Apollo with the Trojans. ...
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