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March+17+IAD+10+Final+Review

March+17+IAD+10+Final+Review - IAD 10 Final Review March 17...

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IAD 10 Final Review March 17 The main difference between this version and the one posted yesterday is that this one has the answers to the study questions highlighted in bold or in italic written form. Study suggestion (ONLY IF IT FITS YOUR STYLE!) In a super-nova to dwarf star metaphor, if I were to condense our IAD 10 course since midterm as much as possible, I would summarize what we covered in the following six words: Population Intensification Technology Sustainability Distribution Extension Following is an elaboration; I tried to present this in our final lecture in a manner to show some key relationships among the terms. Feel free to contact me if this was not clear to you, because there is a huge amount of material to cover and I don’t want you to stress or get discouraged that you will not be able to put it all together in a manner to make your studying be time-effective. I realize that this is a stressful time in the quarter when you have much to balance. Population : Pressure and urbanization; Malthus vs. Boserup Models Intensification: Inputs towards higher yields; both modern and traditional approaches Technology “and know-how”: Both industrial and traditional Modern Agriculture (Industrial Agriculture) University research and extension Capital intensive Chemical inputs Irrigation Crop breeding Bio-tech Traditional (Managing nature, organic, alternative agriculture) Labor intensive Sustainability Economic: Modern (capital intensification) Environmental: Modern (capital intensification) Social Structure (Dependency theorists—capital intensification heightens inequity) Marxists and Modernization Theorists preserve social structure (against revolution and breakdown of system of production) Distribution Equity/Justice Class considerations
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International considerations Extension : Towards Induced Innovation Model Farmer first Modernization and Dependency Theory barriers break down (paradigm shift to sustainability) Review from pre-Midterm 1. What was the original meaning of “Third World?” Developing nations—many of which were newly independent or recently created (Yugoslavia, 1919)—that were nonaligned with either of the major political power blocks following WWII. 2. What is the difference between demic and cultural migration of agriculture? Give an example of each. Demic migration is movement of people, such as the prehistoric Indo-European agricultural spread from Anatolia to Britain, or the European farmers who settled in Southern Africa. Cultural migration of agriculture would be the infusion of New World crops into the old world after the voyages of Columbus, which transformed the agriculture of Europe with the introductions of potato, tomato, and corn.
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