CMN101Sm09July1_ExpectancyViolationsTheory

CMN101Sm09July1_ExpectancyViolationsTheory - Expectancy...

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Expectancy Violations Theory CMN101 Communication Theories Wednesday, July 1, 2009
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Overview ± General Focus How people react to violations of their communication expectations
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Expectancies ± Expectancies are: What we predict will occur rather than what we desire A function of both societal norms and idiosyncratic differences Defined as a range rather than one specific behavior ± Expectancies defined by three factors: Relationship –similarity, familiarity, liking, status, etc. Communicator characteristics – demographic characteristics and idiosyncratic features Context – cultural norms and specific conversational settings
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Earlier Focus of Theory: Personal Space Expectations ± Personal space—the invisible, variable volume of space surrounding an individual that defines that individual’s preferred space from others ± The Four Proxemic Zones of Americans: Intimate distance (0 to 18 inches) Personal distance (18 inches to 4 feet) Social distance (4 to 10 feet) Public distance (10+ feet) ± Most spatial interpretation is outside of our awareness
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CMN101Sm09July1_ExpectancyViolationsTheory - Expectancy...

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