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Chapter6-3 - Lesson 6 Disaster and Emergency Response...

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Lesson 6 Disaster and Emergency Response
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Topics 1. Introduction 2. Recognition: Pre-Disaster Actions 3. Recognition: Post-Disaster Actions Search and Rescue First-Aid Medical Treatment Evacuation 4. Additional Response Functions Disaster Assessments Treating the Hazard Provision of Food/Water/Shelter Health Sanitation Safety and Security Critical Infrastructure Resumption Emergency Social Services Donations Management Coordination Incident Command System (ICS) Disaster Declaration
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When hazards strike, individuals, communities, and countries must work within the confines of their limited funding, resources, ability, and time to prevent the onset of a catastrophe Despite even the best laid emergency plans, the most comprehensive preparedness programs, and the most effective mitigation programs, disasters still happen Ultimately, it is the scale of the disaster that dictates the response 1. Introduction
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The least controllable and most hectic phase of EM Pre-planning is put to the test Most EM plans are executed in this phase It is always a learning opportunity phase It gives the chance to further refine the plans Response phase does not permit time for thorough analysis The best-case scenario in the response phase is the deployment of an Emergency Operations Center and its four components
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Response actions aim to limit injuries, loss of life, and damage to property and the environment Taken prior to, during, and immediately after a hazard event occurs Begin as soon as a hazard event is known to be imminent – last until the emergency is over The most complex of the four functions of emergency management Conducted during periods of very high stress, in a highly time-constrained environment, and with limited information. Centered upon information and coordination
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Hazard events, regardless of whether or not they turn into disasters, are emergencies The split-second thinking of both trained and untrained individuals are called upon Conditions are outside of normal life Emergencies continue until the extraordinary needs have ceased and the danger to life and property no longer persists Three Phases: Pre-hazard : Recognition The Emergency: Hazard Effects Ongoing The Emergency: Hazard Effects Have Ceased
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2. Recognition: Pre-Disaster Actions Begin as soon as the hazard imminence is clear Recognition may occur via one or more routes, depending upon the characteristics of the hazard and available technology Some hazards will have a significant lead time, while others will have little or none Technology has increased the amount of notice disaster managers may have - not a ‘silver bullet’ What can be done?
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