Chapter7-01-1 - Chapter 7 Recovery Disasters wreak havoc on...

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Chapter 7 Recovery
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Disasters wreak havoc on the living, built structures, and the environment Even with the best mitigation, preparedness, and response, there will almost always be some level of environmental damage, destruction of property and infrastructure, disruptions of social and economic systems, and other physical and psychological health consequences The process by which all of these are rebuilt, reconstructed, repaired, and returned to a functional condition is called recovery
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Recovery Overview Recovery = the emergency management function by which countries, communities, families, and individuals repair, reconstruct, or regain what has been lost as result of a disaster, and, ideally, reduce the risk of similar catastrophe in the future May begin as early as the planning process Once implemented, recovery actions may extend for many weeks, months, or even year Recovery actions are the most diverse The range of individuals, organizations, and groups that are involved is also greatest Recovery generates the greatest amount of interest and attention from the world community
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Effects of Disasters on Society Disasters disrupt society in many ways Media focus is on physical manifestations Overall quality of life also affected - socio-cultural mechanisms may break down During disasters, damaging effects spread across a wide geographical range, affecting: People Structures Industries Interconnected societal components Secondary effects must be considered
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Pre-Disaster Recovery Actions Recovery actions performed in time-constrained environment, characterized by confusion To be performed well, recovery and response require special skills, equipment, resources, and personnel Planning rarely includes disaster recovery operations PEPPER - Pre-disaster planning Many recovery processes are common to all disaster types Recovery based upon planning is more organized, and more likely to result in risk reduction
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Short and Long Term Recovery Recovery can be divided into two distinct phases, each with very different activities: Short-term Long-term Recovery length determined by: Conditions and consequences surrounding the disaster Capabilities of the affected government(s) Capabilities and resources of the participating agencies Short-term phase immediately follows the event Seeks to stabilize lives – often called ‘relief’ Long-term phase begins after emergency has ended May last for years – community may need to be reinvented
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Components of Recovery Recovery requires a tremendous supply of resources Each resource category dependent on the others A short supply of one resource impacts the others Recovery function has become more practiced, more systematic, and better able to work towards the goal of setting the affected population back upon their own two feet That goal may not always be reached
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Chapter7-01-1 - Chapter 7 Recovery Disasters wreak havoc on...

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