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Why and how Mexico's one-party regime gradually made a transition to democracy beginning in mid-1970

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Surname1NameInstructorCourseDateMexican Political SystemMexico attributes its political system to the Revolution that took place between 1910 and1920. Their constitution has existed since 1917 and serves as the sweeping document. It capturesthe ideologies of the revolution and also reflects three generations of Spanish colonial rule. Theconstitution being revolutionary means that it aggressively protects the rights of peasants,workers, and their organizations("Mexico - Government"). The constitution guarantees the rightto working eight hours per day, the right for female workers, and payment of a minimum wagethat is sufficient to satisfy the necessities of life. The colonial influence in Mexico is evident withthe high confining civil law where the state has a heavy involvement in business and civicaffairs. The executive branch of the government has been relatively stronger than the otherbranches. The history of Mexican political system has also been highly influenced by the loss ofhalf of the national territory to the United States, the foreign military occupation and finallyvirtual dictatorship from a series of undemocratic regimes(Wiarda, Howard, and Harvey Kline).In this paper, we look at Mexico from a historical perspective, understand her political systemthroughout the years. The paper will also explain the reasons as to why and how Mexicotransitioned from a one-party regime to a democratic state.During his reign between 1924 and 1928, President Plutarco Elias Calles identified thecountry’s political system along corporatist principles as a way of solving the latent socialconflicts. He expanded the government’s bureaucracy to mediate and resolve disputes that arose
Surname2between constituencies and to also distribute funds to the organizations that were supportive ofthe official party. President Calles also created new organizations that were the umbrella tovarious groups according to their broad functionality. The organizations, however, dependedheavily on state funding, therefore, were required to keep strong ties with the party that wasruling. By having the corporatist institutions, Mexico set its political path that was not in anyway like the other Latin American countries(Camp, Roderic Ai). With this, Mexico was able toavoid the return of violence all over the country that had dominated between 1910 and early1920s. Consequently, the nature of Mexican corporatism formed a firm foundation of civiliansupremacy over the military and as a result, separating the Mexican political system form the restof the region.The Presidents that followed Calles maintained the same principles, however, one of hissuccessors, Lazaro Cardenas revived the populism on the national politics. The policy dictated, aredistribution of land to the landless peasants under the state-sponsored program. Additionally,President Cardenas, emphasized on nationalism, a force that would make Mexico as a countryexpropriate the holdings of the foreign oil corporations. As a result, nationally owned oil

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Term
Spring
Professor
DR LIZZIE GACHIE
Tags
Institutional Revolutionary Party

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