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Unformatted text preview: Arenson 1 Irony is a complex concept that resists one definition . It has many forms. A study of the many types of irony help s one to understand the overall meaning of the broad term . T hese different types of irony became a remarkable literary mode Hans Christensen Andersen used in his later writings. Various types of irony are expressed in the syntax he used and in the way in which he directed the reader s sympathy . One type of syntactical irony is verbal / rhetorical irony , the relation between one meaning of a word by its actual definition and another meaning of the same word by the context in which it is used (Allen). Dramatic irony is when the reader knows something that the characters in the story do not realize or are not aware of (Allen). This is seen in the story She Was No Good , in which the mayor is seen by society as a good man mainly because he is the mayor, which is suppose d to be a job of good- natured men . T he readers , however, see him for what he truly is : a self-satisfied, judgmental, and hypocritical man. He criticizes the washerwoman for drinking, although he drinks as well. While she is drinking to stay warm and feed her hunger, he drinks for parties and entertainment. He says that she is no good when the readers see that he is the one who is no good (Haugaard 452-458). Throughout the entire story, the readers see the mayor exposing his flawed traits and learn that he is not what the characters in the story think him to be. Other types of irony include satirical irony, the defeat of an unsympathetic victim ; comical irony, triumph of a sympathetic victim ; tragic irony, readers hav ing sympathy for the victim ; and nihilistic irony, in which the reader is able to identify with the victim to a certain degree but yet is detached as well (Allen). Andersen also employs ironic attitude, or mock sympathy for characters (Allen). In this type of irony, Andersen, in a sense, mocks peoples beliefs, actions and status . These types of irony all contribute to the broad word of irony. Hans Christian Andersen applied all of these forms of irony to his different stories to create multilayered tales full of entertainment, emotional connections and social critical commentary to not only challenge and amuse the readers, but also to relate and cope with his own feelings and events of his life through literature. Andersens use of irony in his literature is remarkable because it added new elements to his stories in order to entertain and create emotional responses for the readers. The word choice that Andersen used can be a form of entertainment because of their rhetorical irony. For example, Andersen used puns to create a comical experience for the reader. This is demonstrated in The Andersen used puns to create a comical experience for the reader....
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- Spring '08