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3ExplanationsInnerCityPoverty - policy enforcement a...

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Three Explanations for Inner-City Poverty 1. Spatial Mismatch Thesis- holds that jobs that employed large numbers of semi- skilled black workers—manufacturing jobs—were moved in large numbers from the central city to the suburbs at the end of the 20 th Century. a. Leaving cities to look like donuts, with job opportunities in (mainly white) suburbs and the absence of them in the central city; resulting in massive centralized poverty. 2. Residential Segregation- many blacks wanted to leave the ghetto but couldn’t because of entrenched racial segregation and the virtual absence of fair housing
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Unformatted text preview: policy enforcement. a. American housing policies financed the suburbanization of America, offering large breaks for businesses relocating to the suburbs; largely restricted to white citizens. 3. Brain Drain- the more educated, wealthy, and privileged left behind families in black inner-city ghettos who constituted themselves the “truly disadvantaged” a. Challenged because predominantly black middle-class neighborhoods are usually between black ghettos and white neighborhoods....
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