Book Notes - Sociology 120 Pages 4-17; 188-192 02:33...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 120 Pages 4-17; 188-192 02:33 Traditionalists View childrearing as the central purpose of marriage Favor public policies that encourage marriage Believe marriage should be between a man and woman Modern Focus on the personal rewards that family life provides to adults Adults should be free to choose the style of life they want Any family is good for children Need a mix between the 2 sides Marriage and Individualism In the past, marriage made sex okay Now, sex and children sometimes come before Divorce is more common now More women in the workforce Lead to less economic dependence on men Individualism A style of life in which individuals pursue their own interest and place great importance on developing a personally rewarding life Utilitarian Individualism A style of life that emphasizes self-reliance and personal achievement, especially in one’s work life One who is determined to succeed on his or her own Expressive Individualism A style of life that emphasizes developing one’s feelings and emotional satisfaction One who wants to connect emotionally with a romantic partner More choices than many years ago What is a Family? Many definitions, not one is the same Family determines many economic issues concerning health care and the number of members Definition varies from culture to culture Western Nations The families the book focuses on The countries of Western Europe and the non-European, English speaking countries: the US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Small , household based families of parents and children Choose your spouse Marriage is monogamous Persons have only 1 spouse Women work for pay outside the home Non-Western Nations Parents pick their children’s partner women work in the home Polygamy is allowed Having more than one spouse The Public Family Externalities Benefits or costs that accrue to others when an individual or business produces something Negative Externalities The costs imposed on others or businesses when an individual or business produces something of value to itself Ex . Factories that release pollutants impose costs on other individuals or businesses Positive Externalities Benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something, but for which the producer is not fully compensated Ex. A corporation may start an extensive job training program to obtain qualified workers, but some of the workers may take jobs with rivaling firms Public Goods Things that may be enjoyed by people who do not themselves produce them Public Family One adult, or two adults who are related by marriage , who are taking care of...
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Book Notes - Sociology 120 Pages 4-17; 188-192 02:33...

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