Sociology 120 Study Guide Exam 1

Sociology 120 Study Guide Exam 1 - Sociology 120 Study...

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Sociology 120 Study Guide: Exam 1 10/16 More kids in America grow up in single parent homes than in any other country in the  western world Rate of divorce has slowly been declining since 1980 90% marry eventually America is having enough kids to keep the population stable Our generation can expect that ½ of all first marriages will end in divorce 1950s to 1960s= more married ** 2 ways for a parent to become a single parent parent fails to marry before the kids come parents marriage fails Private Family 2 or more individuals intimate relationship expect to last indefinitely, (doesn’t need to be marriage) live in same household pool their incomes and household labor a place where people: help each other, support, intimacy children first form attachments teenagers take steps towards independence adults share inner selves with someone else
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Public Family 1 or more adults who are related (don’t need to live together) taking care of related dependents (elderly, children) caring for the dependents themselves this family style emphasizes: service and costs imposed on people outside the household positive externalities the benefits received by others, without doing the work ex. Job training for people from a company, then another company hires some of the  people who took this job training negative externalities the costs imposed on others, with no reimbursement ex. Air pollution imposed on residents near factories creating public goods things enjoyed or consumed by most without having to pay for their production ex. Children: family educates child, educated children contribute to society, pay social  security ex. Elderly care: family provides care so public doesn’t have to public good is a kind of positive externality Free-Rider Problem If families don’t decide to have children, it could pose a threat to society because they  aren’t providing public goods Older than the private family Consequences of family
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Poor are poor, rich are rich Ex. Marriage leads to economic inequality between households due to homogamy Like marries like Blurred Boundaries Don’t fit the definition for public or private Families of Choice Formed through voluntary ties among people who are not biologically or legally related Ex. Friendship based families among gay people Fictive Kin African American communities Very close friends of a parent come to be treated as family Ex. Call them aunt and uncle Living apart together Childless marriage like relationships, living in separate households common in upper  middle class Kinship Organizes society Ex. Parents assist children during childhood so child helps parents when they get old
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course SOC 120 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Sociology 120 Study Guide Exam 1 - Sociology 120 Study...

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