Discussion- 2 - Discussion 10/24 Marriage Institutional=...

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Discussion 10/24 Marriage Institutional= clear roles and rules o Enforced by church, law, community o Male authority, female submissive o 19 th century Companionate= new emphasis on affection, friendship, sexual gratification o Homemaker-breadwinner model o Role behavior evaluates satisfaction o Until 1960s Individualization= importance of personal fulfillment o Self-development o Openness and communication o Flexible roles (dual income) o Rising standards of living o 1960s-present Attitudes Toward Marriage o CHANGE 1950s-1970s: decline of positive attitudes toward marriage, approval of singlehood, disapproval of marital restrictions o STABILITY 1980s-1990s: no change in attitude toward marriage, singlehood, divorce o CHANGE 1970s-1990s: increasing acceptance of premarital sex, acceptability of childlessness, cohabitation, non-marital childbearing, less ridged gender role expectations Why do people marry? o Public commitment o Social recognition o Social/instrumental support, connection to larger community o Individual filament o Co-parent easier than single-parent Is it necessary? o Public commitment o Permanence o Legal privileges o Stronger insurance function than cohabitation o Martial role behaviors Does marriage mean giving up one’s freedom? o Marriage does not only organize Sex, coresidence, childbearing, childrearing, labor What is a good marriage? o Both feeling satisfied in marriage individually
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Marriage crowns adulthood marker of prestige: Capstone Experience o Not for conformity o No longer beings adulthood *** Does teenage birth cause disadvantage? o Selection more than causal explanation, social environment makes difference o Causation teenage births cause disadvantages Discussion 10/31 Short Paper State your position really good, strong argument Defend your position articles, lectures, and readings Conclude tie it all together o 800-1000 words, cite your sources “turn it in” Marriage/Cohabitation II What marriage benefits are structural, emotional, financial? o Structural benefits: Public commitment Social recognition Social support Connection to larger community Expectation of permanence Legal privileges, derived benefits Pooled income Greater stability Co-parenting/family easier o Emotional benefits: Life-long companion/trust notion Limits men’s risky behavior Individual fulfillment o Financial benefits: Legal privileges Tax breaks, alimony, pensions, Medicare, social security What benefits are a function of coresidency? o Companionship, sex, economies of scale, risk reduction/insurance function, health, shared division of household labor What are unique to marriage? o
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Discussion- 2 - Discussion 10/24 Marriage Institutional=...

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