Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - oppressed or disadvantaged group and the...

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Chapter 13: Community Organization and Building Community o Functional spatial units meeting basic needs for sustenance o Units of patterned social interaction o Symbolic units of collective identity Ecological system perspective o Focuses on population characteristics (size, density, heterogeneity, physical environment, social organization) Social systems perspective o Focuses on formal organizations that operate within a given community exploring interactions of community subsystems (political, economical, etc.) Three different models of practice o Locality development: process oriented, stressing consensus and cooperation; aimed at building group identity and a sense of community o Social planning model: task oriented; rational empirical problem solving, usually by an outside expert o Social action model: task and process oriented; concerned with increasing problem-solving ability of community and with achieving concrete changes to redress imbalances of power and privilege between an
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Unformatted text preview: oppressed or disadvantaged group and the larger society • Concepts in Community Organization and Community Building Practice o Empowerment Communities achieving equity, capacity to identify problems and solutions, participatory self-competence in political life of community People gain mastery of their lives and lives of communities o Critical consciousness: Consciousness based on reflection and action in making change o Community capacity: Community characteristics affecting its ability to identify, mobilize, address problems o Social capital: relationships between community members including trust, reciprocity, and civic engagement o Issue selection: identifying winnable and specific targets of change that unify and build community strength o Participation and relevance: community organizing should start where the people are and engage community members as equals...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course HP 300 taught by Professor Riggs during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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