Chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Stress Coping and Health Behavior...

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Chapter 10 Stress, Coping, and Health Behavior Stressors: demands made by the internal or external environment that upset balance or homeostasis, thus affecting physical and psychological well-being and requiring action to restore balance or equilibrium Stress can contribute to illness through its direct physiological effects or indirect effects via maladaptive health behaviors (smoking, poor eating habits) Historical Concepts o Fight or flight reaction to stress: all living organisms exhibit nonspecific changes in response to stressors o Identifying and quantifying potential stressors, or stressful life events o Stress depends on perception of stressor, rather than objective outlook Stressful experiences are construed as person-environment transactions in which the impact of an external stressor is mediated by the person’s appraisal of the stressor and the psychological social and cultural resources Transactional Model of Stress and Coping Primary Appraisal: evaluation of the significance of a stressor or threatening event o Perceptions of susceptibility and severity of the threat o Appraisal bias: act to minimize the significance of threats, particularly when the threat is ambiguous/uncertain o Motivational relevance: impact on person’s goals/concerns o
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