11-3

11-3 - Predisposition to Addiction and the Addictive...

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Predisposition to Addiction and the Addictive Personality A theoretical framework for understanding biological and psychosocial determinants of addiction Background and definition of addiction o Theory: a way to predict and explain a complex outcome using a simpler idea or rule o Model: a smaller theory o Types of theories Community theories: based on social/environmental factors Interpersonal theories: social relationships within small groups Intrapersonal theories: psychological, mind o Clinical Definitions of Addiction Substance abuse and dependence DSM-IV definitions based on symptoms Same criteria applied across all substances Substance abuse (DSM IV) 1 or more of following symptoms failure to fulfill role obligations hazardous use legal problems social problems but still use anyways Substance dependence (DSM IV) 3 or more of the following o tolerance (physical addiction) o withdrawal (physical addiction) o loss of control over use o desire but inability to quit o consumes life o activities neglected problems with the clinical definitions
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11-3 - Predisposition to Addiction and the Addictive...

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