Thinking+and+Reasoning

Thinking+and+Reasoning - Your task: Connect all nine dots...

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Your task : Connect all nine dots using four straight lines, drawn without lifting your pencil from the paper. (there are also three-line and one-line solutions) Consider your use of . . . HIGHER COGNITIVE CAPACITIES (such as thinking, reasoning, judgment, and problem-solving) Fuid and intuitive Fexible and resourceful creative reconceptualization learning from your mistakes Basic elements of human thought . . . • Concept: a mental category that groups things that have common properties • Prototype: an especially representative example of a concept • Proposition: an idea that denotes associations among concepts • Mental images: a mental representation that mirrors the sight, sound, etc. of something in the world • Cognitive schemas: a mental network of propositions, beliefs, and concepts
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Strategies of Human Reasoning TRIAL-AND-ERROR several possible solutions are tested until one is found that works (“guess and check”) Information must Frst enter _________ before it can enter ___________. a. long-term memory; sensory memory b. working memory; sensory memory c. long-term memory; declarative memory d. sensory memory; long-term memory
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INSIGHT a solution derives from an immediate understanding of how
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Thinking+and+Reasoning - Your task: Connect all nine dots...

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