CRITICAL THINKING SHEET 4

CRITICAL THINKING SHEET 4 - CRITICAL THINKING SHEET 4...

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CRITICAL THINKING SHEET 4 EVALUATING REASONING Think about the following when you analyse the passages given below. 1. Are the reasons/ evidence relevant to the conclusion? 2. If so, do the reasons/ evidence provide a good basis for accepting the conclusion? 3. If the conclusion recommends some action or policy, would it be reasonable to act on the basis of the reasons/ evidence? In order to answer this question, you will need to consider the following points: would the recommended policy or action be likely to achieve the desired aim? would it have some undesirable effects? are there other, possibly better, ways of achieving the aim? 4. Can I think of any other evidence, not mentioned in the argument, which would weaken or strengthen the conclusion? PRACTICE EXERCISE 1. New drugs have been developed which can combat the body’s tendency to reject transplanted organs. In the past, most of the deaths which have occurred shortly after heart transplant operations have been due to rejection. So it is likely that these new drugs will improve the survival rate of heart transplant patients. 2. You ought to take a Happitum travel sickness pill when you go on the ferry. They are very effective against sea-sickness, and you have always been sick in the past when you’ve travelled by sea.
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2012 for the course FENS 101 taught by Professor Selçukerdem during the Fall '12 term at Sabancı University.

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CRITICAL THINKING SHEET 4 - CRITICAL THINKING SHEET 4...

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