destiny - Turkish Migration Turkish Migration: Truth Behind...

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Turkish Migration 1 Turkish Migration: Truth Behind The Turkish Migration to Germany Erman Pattuk Freshman English 101, Section D2 Brian Rodrigues November 26, 2004
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Turkish Migration 2 TRUTH BEHIND THE TURKISH MIGRATION TO GERMANY “For us to work in Germany is cruel, cruel. The Germans insult Turks viciously. But money talks. No one says a word back. The Turks live in Germany like animals and make Germans rich”. These are the words of a Turkish male migrant in Germany (Suzuki, n.a., ¶8). However, what forced Turks to migrate to Germany? How did the process go on? In my essay, I will inform you about the Turkish migration to Germany. To do so, I divided my essay into three parts: Patterns of migration, to what extend has it been positive and negative for the migrants and for the host community. Firstly, I want to give short information about what is the meaning of “migration”. According to Cengiz Şahin (2001), “migration” is the move of large numbers of people between two countries or regions because of economical, political or cultural reasons. He adds that migrations made in the last decades may be described as the move of people between two countries to find jobs, to create better economical conditions for his/her family. Ahmet Gökdere expresses another definition for “migration” as the move of people for a relatively long time between relatively far places (1978). Gökdere describes “relatively long time” as at least one year lived in the host country (1978). In addition to this definition, he separates “migration” into two types: Voluntary migration and forced migration. Voluntary migration is made because of economical reasons; on the other hand, forced migration is made because of limitation in human rights or the treat of losing life (Gökdere, 1978). According to these definitions, I describe Turkish migration to Germany as a voluntary migration made because of economical reasons. The Patterns of the Migration “Relationship between Turkey and Germany for workforce doesn’t have a long past compared to other countries (Spain, Pakistan, and India).” says Cemal Yalçın (2002, p.146). Federal Republic of Germany and Turkey sign the first workforce pact on 30.10.1961 (Gökdere, 1978, p.275). The first migrants were usually male workers, who migrated without their family (Suzuki, n.d.). Suzuki points out that they moved without their families, because the first migrants
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Turkish Migration 3 were hoping to return to Turkey in a short time (n.d.). However, after a few years, they understood that returning without a significant profit was illogical so they started to bring their families from Turkey (Gökdere, 1978). Between 1965 and 1975, there was a significant increase in the proportion of female migrants because of the Family Reunion (Şen, Ulusoy, Öz, 1999). For instance, proportion of women migrants was %3.11 in 1961, %21.69 in 1965 (Gökdere, 1978, p.64) and %45 in 1997 (Şen, Ulusoy, Öz, 1999, p.16). First Turkish migrants in Germany were mainly aged between 20 and 39, because Germany
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2012 for the course FENS 101 taught by Professor Selçukerdem during the Fall '12 term at Sabancı University.

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destiny - Turkish Migration Turkish Migration: Truth Behind...

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